Since publication of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) Task Group No. 43 Report in 1995 (TG-43), both the utilization of permanent source implantation and the number of low-energy interstitial brachytherapy source models commercially available have dramatically increased. In addition, the National Institute of Standards and… (More)
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Recommendations of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) for the practice of brachytherapy physics are presented. These guidelines were prepared by a task group of the AAPM Radiation Therapy Committee and have been reviewed and approved by the AAPM Science Council.
A novel ultraviolet pulsed-light source with a digitally controlled amplitude has been developed and used to determine the response of the BURLE 8850 photomultiplier tube for light intensities close to that corresponding to single photoelectrons to those well beyond the linear response region.
PURPOSE Recommendations of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO) on dose calculations for high-energy (average energy higher than 50 keV) photon-emitting brachytherapy sources are presented, including the physical characteristics of specific (192)Ir, (137)Cs, and (60)Co… (More)
X-ray computed tomography (CT) images of patients bearing metal intracavitary applicators or other metal foreign objects exhibit severe artifacts including streaks and aliasing. We have systematically evaluated via computer simulations the impact of scattered radiation, the polyenergetic spectrum, and measurement noise on the performance of three… (More)
The goals of this task group are to examine the current high dose-rate (HDR) treatment delivery practices and to prepare a document to assure safe delivery of HDR treatments. The document consists of detailed HDR procedures for design of an HDR brachytherapy program, staffing and training, treatment specific quality assurance, and emergency procedures. The… (More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate that high-dimensional voxel-to-voxel transformations, derived from continuum mechanics models of the underlying pelvic tissues, can be used to register computed tomography (CT) serial examinations into a single anatomic frame of reference for cumulative dose calculations. METHODS AND MATERIALS Three patients with locally advanced… (More)
For each patient receiving definitive treatment for cervix cancer, several CT/MR imaging studies need to be registered in order to specify the total physical or biological dose to each fixed tissue voxel in an organ system. This turns out to be a difficult problem due to large localized deformations and displacements of bladder, rectum, vagina, uterus and… (More)
The reconstruction of tomographic images is often treated as a linear deblurring problem. When a high-density, man-made metal object is present somewhere in the image field, it is a deblurring problem in which the unknown function has a component that is known except for some location and orientation parameters. We first address general linear deblurring… (More)