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Since publication of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) Task Group No. 43 Report in 1995 (TG-43), both the utilization of permanent source implantation and the number of low-energy interstitial brachytherapy source models commercially available have dramatically increased. In addition, the National Institute of Standards and(More)
Recommendations of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) for the practice of brachytherapy physics are presented. These guidelines were prepared by a task group of the AAPM Radiation Therapy Committee and have been reviewed and approved by the AAPM Science Council.
The goals of this task group are to examine the current high dose-rate (HDR) treatment delivery practices and to prepare a document to assure safe delivery of HDR treatments. The document consists of detailed HDR procedures for design of an HDR brachytherapy program, staffing and training, treatment specific quality assurance, and emergency procedures. The(More)
X-ray computed tomography (CT) images of patients bearing metal intracavitary applicators or other metal foreign objects exhibit severe artifacts including streaks and aliasing. We have systematically evaluated via computer simulations the impact of scattered radiation, the polyenergetic spectrum, and measurement noise on the performance of three(More)
PURPOSE Recommendations of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO) on dose calculations for high-energy (average energy higher than 50 keV) photon-emitting brachytherapy sources are presented, including the physical characteristics of specific (192)Ir, (137)Cs, and (60)Co(More)
Dose calculations to patients undergoing implantation of 125I interstitial brachytherapy sources are affected by two recent changes in low-energy seed dosimetry: (a) implantation of a new primary air-kerma strength standard at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) on 1 January 1999 and (b) publication of revised dose-rate distributions(More)
For each patient receiving definitive treatment for cervix cancer, several CT/MR imaging studies need to be registered in order to specify the total physical or biological dose to each fixed tissue voxel in an organ system. This turns out to be a difficult problem due to large localized deformations and displacements of bladder, rectum, vagina, uterus and(More)
The reconstruction of tomographic images is often treated as a linear deblurring problem. When a high-density, man-made metal object is present somewhere in the image field, it is a deblurring problem in which the unknown function has a component that is known except for some location and orientation parameters. We first address general linear deblurring(More)
PURPOSE In comparison with conventional filtered backprojection (FBP) algorithms for x-ray computed tomography (CT) image reconstruction, statistical algorithms directly incorporate the random nature of the data and do not assume CT data are linear, noiseless functions of the attenuation line integral. Thus, it has been hypothesized that statistical image(More)