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Within social learning theory, positive alcohol expectancies represent motivation to drink and negative expectancies, motivation to restrain. It is also recognized that a subjective evaluation of expectancies ought to moderate their impact, although the evidence for this in social drinkers is problematic. This paper addresses the speculation that the… (More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Flow diverters are increasingly used for treatment of complex intracranial aneurysms. The purpose of this study was to compare the pipeline embolization device (PED) and traditional embolization strategies in terms of fluoroscopy and procedure time. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fluoroscopy and procedure times (in minutes) were… (More)
Using survival analysis, the association was explored between positive and negative alcohol expectancies measured on admission to a non-residential alcohol dependence treatment unit and post-treatment relapse to a first drink (first slip). A reliable association between negative alcohol expectancy (but not positive) and relapse was found. The active… (More)
When negative alcohol expectancies are measured appropriately they form at least as secure associations with measures of consumption as has been demonstrated by mainstream expectancy research for positive alcohol expectancies and they can be usefully used to represent a component of motivation to restrain consumption or recover in dependent drinkers. A… (More)
Negative alcohol expectancy (NAE) reliably discriminates between social drinkers who are satisfied with their current consumption and those who are not (even when the variable, consumption, is controlled). Positive alcohol expectancy does not. A role for NAE as representing motivation for change in social drinkers is suggested.
In this experiment we show that measuring positive expectancy of alcohol use does not discriminate between lone and group problem drinkers whereas measuring negative expectancy does. Reliably, lower measures in group drinkers is consistent with: (i) our view that negative expectancy provides the motivation for problem drinkers to quit and that anything… (More)
The purpose of this study was to compare age equivalent values obtained from the PPVT and PPVT-R. The 80 subjects, ages 3:6 to 4:6 years old, were presented one form each of the original and revised forms of the test. Results indicate the subjects achieved age equivalent scores significantly closer to their chronological ages on the PPVT-R.
It is suggested that " Hurricane Relief From the Sea " and " Hurricane Relief From the Sea: Conference Proceedings " be read prior to, or in conjunction with " Hurricane Relief From the Sea: Options. " Together, these publications can serve as a useful reference when evaluating proposals for using RRF ships in a relief from the sea role. research and… (More)