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Recent advances in treatment for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) have significantly increased outcome. High-dose methotrexate (MTX) is the most commonly used regimen during the consolidation period, but the optimal dose remains to be defined. We investigated the usefulness of the MTHFR genotype to increase the MTX dosage in the consolidation(More)
A 16-month-old girl of Spanish origin with chronic hemolytic anemia and severe neuromuscular disease was found to have markedly reduced triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) activity in her erythrocytes, leukocytes, and plateletes. Both parents and some other family members had moderately reduced erythrocyte TPI activity in accordance with the autosomal recessive(More)
The PK-LR gene has been studied in 12 unrelated patients with red cell pyruvate kinase deficiency and hereditary nonspherocytic haemolytic anaemia (CNSHA). The entire codifying region of the R-type PK gene and the flanking intronic regions were analysed by single-stranded conformation polymorphism (SSCP) followed by direct sequencing of abnormal DNA. 10(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of RBC pyruvate-kinase (PK) gene mutations by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) followed by PK gene sequencing in positive cases has been assessed and the results obtained with a preliminary study of 15 unrelated patients of Spanish origin are presented. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
Regulation of alternative splicing is controlled by pre-mRNA sequences (cis-elements) and trans-acting protein factors that bind them. The combinatorial interactions of multiple protein factors with the cis-elements surrounding a given alternative splicing event lead to an integrated splicing decision. The mechanism of multifactorial splicing regulation is(More)
Flow cytometry methods currently used for measuring neutrophil activation involve sample manipulation, which may result in cellular depletion and artifactual activation. To design a new methodology for measurement of neutrophil activation with minimal sample manipulation. Oxidative burst and CD 11b neutrophil expression were simultaneously assessed by a new(More)
Three cases of pulmonary hypertension caused by hydatid emboli from the right side of the heart are described; cardiac catheterisation was performed in 2. One case was confirmed at operation and 2 at necropsy. The pulmonary emboli were caused by hydatid vesicles in all 3 cases and in none was there pulmonary thrombosis; free scolices were found in the(More)
Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited DNA repair disorder characterized by genetic instability of cells lacking a functional FA/BRCA pathway. Previous studies have shown that in vitro stimulation of bone marrow cells (BMCs) from FA mice promotes apoptosis, reduces the reconstitution ability of the stem cells, and induces myelodysplasia and myeloid leukemia(More)
INTRODUCTION Detection of mutations in the myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MYD88) has clinical implications on diagnosis and therapy, especially in patients with Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM) and IgM monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (IgM-MGUS). We describe a method that provides greatly increased sensitivity for(More)