Jeffrey E. Plowman

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Three different cell types have been identified in the cortex of wool: orthocortex, mesocortex and paracortex. Fine wool fibres, particularly Merino sheep, are noted for their bilateral distribution of orthocortical and paracortical cells, with the latter following the concave side of the crimp wave. Furthermore, studies have indicated that the paracortex(More)
Crimp and bulk, important wool fiber properties, are thought to be related to differences in the protein composition of the orthocortex and paracortex. Fiber morphological studies have demonstrated that the paracortex has a higher proportion of matrix and cysteine than the orthocortex. While there is some evidence for the differential expression of genes(More)
The effect of reactive oxidation species (ROS) on tryptophan or tyrosine was investigated by qualitatively determining the major detectable oxidation products generated by hydroxyl radicals, produced by the Fenton process, or singlet oxygen, generated by exposure to green light in the presence of Rose Bengal, on these photosensitive amino acids in synthetic(More)
The cuticle is responsible for important wool fiber characteristics such as handle and abrasion resistance, which impact on the fiber's performance in both interior and apparel textiles. The cuticle proteome, however, is not well understood due to the difficulty in isolating pure wool cuticle and its significant resistance to protein extraction, which is(More)
The technique of two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) has been under investigation for its usefulness in identifying protein markers for wool quality traits in sheep. However, before this could be achieved, unique problems relating to the detection and quantitation of wool proteins needed to be overcome so that 2-DE protein maps could be examined using(More)
Spectroscopic and electrochemical studies, incorporating electronic spectra, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra, resonance Raman (RR) spectra, and measurements of the redox potential, have been carried out on the blue copper protein azurin, from Alcaligenes denitrificans. These data are correlated with the refined crystal structure of this azurin(More)
Keratins and keratin-associated proteins (KAPs) are large heterogeneous groups of proteins that constitute about 90% of the wool fiber. The genes encoding the high glycine-tyrosine (HGT) KAPs are the first sub-group of KAP genes expressed in the wool follicle and just after expression of the keratin genes. Little is known about variation in these genes,(More)
UNLABELLED Seasonal weight loss is the main limitation to animal production worldwide, significantly affecting the productivity of milk, meat and wool farms, particularly in drought-prone areas of the world where most of the large-scale wool production farms are located. Although the effect of nutritional status on wool quality parameters has been(More)
Keratin-associated proteins (KAPs) are a major structural component of hair and wool fibres, and play a critical role in determining the properties of the fibre. To date, forty functional high sulphur KAP genes from fourteen families have been identified in humans, but only seven functional high sulphur KAP genes have been identified in sheep. This led us(More)
RATIONALE In ancient and/or damaged artefacts containing keratinous materials, the species of origin of the materials can be difficult to identify through visual examination; therefore, a minimally destructive methodology for species identification is required. While hair fibres from some species have seen substantial characterisation, others such as horn(More)