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BACKGROUND Previous studies suggest that markers of inflammation are elevated in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, because inflammation has been implicated in contributing to risk of both AF and coronary artery disease (CAD), which are often present in the same populations, it is important to control for confounding by the presence of CAD. We(More)
Studies on patients and large animal models suggest the importance of atrial fibrosis in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). To investigate whether increased fibrosis is sufficient to produce a substrate for AF, we have studied cardiac electrophysiology (EP) and inducibility of atrial arrhythmias in MHC-TGFcys33ser transgenic mice (Tx), which have(More)
516 S udden cardiac death (SCD) remains a high priority public health problem necessitating a multi-pronged approach for treatment and prevention. Tachyarrhythmic sudden cardiac death (SCD-VT/VF; ie, death attributable to potentially reversible ventricular tachyarrhythmias [ventricular tachy-cardia (VT) or fibrillation (VF)]), is a major cause of SCD.(More)
BACKGROUND Clinically, chronic atrial dilatation is associated with an increased incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF), but the underlying mechanism is not clear. We have investigated atrial electrophysiology and tissue structure in a canine model of chronic atrial dilatation due to mitral regurgitation (MR). METHODS AND RESULTS Thirteen control and 19 MR(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been described as a "random" or "chaotic" rhythm. Evidence suggests that AF may have transient episodes of temporal and spatial organization. We introduce a new algorithm that quantifies AF organization by the mean-squared error (MSE) in the linear prediction between two cardiac electrograms. This algorithm calculates(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is commonly associated with congestive heart failure (CHF), and CHF has been shown to be associated with atrial structural remodeling resulting in fibrosis. Atrial interstitial fibrosis has been seen in patients with CHF and in animal models of pacing-induced heart failure. With atrial fibrosis, conduction abnormalities result in(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency catheter ablation is the treatment of choice for patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias refractory to medical therapy. However, in symptomatic patients with inappropriate sinus tachycardia resistant to drug therapy, catheter ablation of the His' bundle with permanent pacemaker insertion is currently applied. We(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic evidence suggests a heritable component to risk for sudden cardiac arrest independent of risk for myocardial infarction. Recent candidate gene association studies for community sudden cardiac arrests have focused on a limited number of biological pathways and yielded conflicting results. We sought to identify novel gene associations(More)