Jeffrey E. Olgin

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BACKGROUND The importance of barriers in atrial flutter has been demonstrated in animals. We used activation and entrainment mapping, guided by intracardiac echocardiography (ICE), to determine whether the crista terminalis (CT) and eustachian ridge (ER) are barriers to conduction during typical atrial flutter in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS In eight(More)
Several animal models of atrial fibrillation (AF) have been developed that demonstrate either atrial structural remodeling or atrial electrical remodeling, but the characteristics and spatiotemporal organization of the AF between the models have not been compared. Thirty-nine dogs were divided into five groups: rapid atrial pacing (RAP), chronic mitral(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency catheter ablation is the treatment of choice for patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias refractory to medical therapy. However, in symptomatic patients with inappropriate sinus tachycardia resistant to drug therapy, catheter ablation of the His' bundle with permanent pacemaker insertion is currently applied. We(More)
OBJECTIVE Rapid electrical activity in pulmonary veins (PVs) has been proposed as a mechanism for focal atrial fibrillation. The way in which the myocardial sleeve inside PVs can form a substrate for focal activity is not well understood. Therefore, we have studied tissue structure and connexin distribution at the veno-atrial transition in the dog. (More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrosis is an important substrate in atrial fibrillation (AF), particularly in the setting of structural heart disease. In a canine model, congestive heart failure (CHF) produces significant atrial fibrosis and the substrate for sustained AF. This atrial remodeling is a potential therapeutic target. The objective of the present study is(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies suggest that markers of inflammation are elevated in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, because inflammation has been implicated in contributing to risk of both AF and coronary artery disease (CAD), which are often present in the same populations, it is important to control for confounding by the presence of CAD. We(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been described as a "random" or "chaotic" rhythm. Evidence suggests that AF may have transient episodes of temporal and spatial organization. We introduce a new algorithm that quantifies AF organization by the mean-squared error (MSE) in the linear prediction between two cardiac electrograms. This algorithm calculates(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a complex disease with multiple inter-relating causes culminating in rapid, seemingly disorganized atrial activation. Therapy targeting AF is rapidly changing and improving. The purpose of this review is to summarize current state-of-the-art diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for treatment of AF. The review focuses on(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of anatomic barriers in the atrial flutter reentry circuit has been well demonstrated in canine models. It has been shown previously that the crista terminalis and its continuation as the eustachian ridge form a posterior barrier. In this study we tested the hypothesis that the tricuspid annulus forms the continuous anterior(More)
Athough it is difficult to determine the precise number, the range for the number of sudden cardiac deaths (SCDs) per year in the United States alone has been reported from 184 000 to 462 000,1 with estimates that 50% to 70% are due to tachyarrhythmic mechanisms. Regardless of where within this range the true number lies, this represents a large(More)