Jeffrey E Grossman

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The effects of eicosapentaenoic acid and oleic acid on lipid synthesis and secretion by HepG2 cells were examined to identify fatty acid specific changes in lipid metabolism that might indicate a basis for the hypolipidemic effect attributed to eicosapentaenoic acid and related n-3 fatty acids. Cellular glycerolipid synthesis, as determined by [3H]glycerol(More)
The ability of macrophages of phagocytize particulate matter is largely dependent on fibronectin, a nonspecific opsonin found in plasma. Fibronectin depletion, resulting in reticuloendothelial system (RES) depression, occurs following a variety of physical insults. RES depression may contribute to postinjury sequelae such as respiratory distress syndrome(More)
We reviewed 111 bronchoscopy-guided transtracheal and transbronchial fine-needle aspiration (TT/TBNA) specimens from 97 patients to determine the sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing neoplasia compared to surgical biopsy and clinical follow-up and to determine the optimal number of passes. Fifty were positive for neoplasia, seven were suspicious, one(More)
The role of platelet-activating factor (PAF) as a mediator of endotoxin-induced pathophysiology has been studied in several animal models with conflicting results. We evaluated the effect of a new, potent, and specific PAF receptor antagonist, ABT-299 (Abbott Laboratories) against endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide; LPS)-induced cardiopulmonary dysfunction in a(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a novel protein-bound S-nitroso-thiol, S-nitroso-albumin (S-NO-alb), in modulating neutrophil-endothelial cell adhesion, activation, and interactions. Due to the highly variable kinetics of NO release from the low-molecular-weight thiol adducts S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) and(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an endogenous vasodilator and modulator of inflammation. During endotoxemia, the beneficial effects of NO are overwhelmed by the inflammatory cascade, resulting in a functional depletion of NO. S-nitroso-albumin (S-NO-alb) exists as a novel and highly stable NO thiol complex that slowly releases NO into the vascular micro-environment.(More)
Plasma fibronectin may be an important component of host defense in critically ill patients, particularly after trauma and during sepsis. This paper reviews recent studies that have sought to characterize the natural history of plasma fibronectin during sepsis, as well as those studies that tested the effect of therapy with concentrated fibronectin in(More)
There is considerable experimental evidence that the RES is an important host defense system in critical illness. The role of fibronectin in the control of RES phagocytic function and the potential for fibronectin therapy to ameliorate or reverse multisystem organ failure in critically ill patients are less well documented. This documentation may be(More)
Plasma fibronectin is a nonspecific opsonin which mediates phagocytosis of particulate matter by macrophages. Fibronectin depletion results in depression of reticuloendothelial system phagocytic function. This may potentiate microvascular embolization and sludging in critical illness. It has been hypothesized that sepsis is a major cause of fibronectin(More)
We wanted to compare the systemic and pulmonary vascular response to Escherichia coli endotoxin with changes in lysosomal enzyme activity in plasma and lung lymph in the unanesthetized sheep with a lung lymph fistula. We wanted to determine whether lysosomal enzyme activity (LE) was a reliable marker of injury and LE increase appears to be different for the(More)