Jeffrey E. Campbell

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Methyllycaconitine (MLA) is the most potent and selective antagonist of the alpha-bungarotoxin sensitive neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR). In the present study, an accurate and reproducible technique for the extraction and analysis of MLA from rat plasma and brain is described. This study further sought to determine whether(More)
The alpha 7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtype forms a Ca(2+)-permeable homooligomeric ion channel sensitive to alpha-bungarotoxin in Xenopus oocytes. In this study, we have stably and functionally expressed the human alpha 7 cDNA in a mammalian cell line, HEK-293 and examined its pharmacologic properties. [125I] alpha-Bungarotoxin bound to(More)
(2.4)-Dimethoxybenzylidene anabaseine dihydrochloride (GTS-21), a compound that interacts with rat neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), was evaluated using human recombinant nAChRs in vitro and various pharmacokinetic and behavioral models in rodents, dogs and monkeys. GTS-21 bound to human alpha 4 beta 2 nAChR (K1-20 nM) 100-fold more(More)
Accumulating preclinical and clinical evidence data suggests that compounds that selectively activate neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes may have therapeutic utility for the treatment of several neurological disorders. In the present study, the in vitro pharmacological properties of the novel cholinergic channel modulator ABT-089(More)
The type 2 serotonin (5-HT2) receptor subfamily is known to couple to phosphoinositide hydrolysis (PI) and the subsequent mobilization of intracellular Ca2+, as well as the release of arachidonic acid (AA). Less is known of 5-HT2-mediated activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) or extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) signaling.(More)
An in vivo binding assay is characterized for [(3)H]M100907 binding to rat brain, as a measure of 5-HT(2A) receptor occupancy. Dose-response analyses were performed for various 5-HT(2A) antagonist reference agents, providing receptor occupancy ED(50) values in conjunction with plasma and brain concentration levels. Ketanserin and M100907 yielded(More)
The synthesis and SAR of tolylamines with 5-HT(6) receptor antagonist activity is presented. The amine, core aromatic, peripheral aromatic, and ether linker moieties of HTS hit 1 were modulated and the effect on potency at 5-HT(6) examined. Tolylpiperidine ether 9h was found to possess desirable pharmacokinetic (PK) properties, and was also shown to enhance(More)
The discovery of (+/-)-epibatidine, a naturally occurring neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonist with antinociceptive activity 200-fold more potent than that of morphine, has renewed interest in the potential role of nAChRs in pain processing. However, (+/-)-epibatidine has significant side-effect liabilities associated with potent(More)
A novel cholinergic channel modulator, ABT-594, was tested in two established and distinct models of neuropathic pain; the Chung model (i.e., tight ligation of L5 and L6 spinal nerves) and a diabetic neuropathy model (i.e., streptozotocin-induced diabetes). Tactile allodynia and mechanical hyperalgesia were assessed in the Chung and diabetic neuropathy(More)
ABT-418 [(S)-3-methyl-5-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)isoxazole] is a potent and selective agonist at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) with cognitive enhancing and anxiolytic activities. [3H]ABT-418 was found to bind with high affinity (KD = 2.85 +/- 0.14 nM) to membranes prepared from rat brain. Binding of [3H]ABT-418 was characterized by(More)