Jeffrey D. Turner

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Stanniocalcin-1 (STC-1) is made by kidney collecting duct cells for targeting of nephron mitochondria to promote respiratory uncoupling and calcium uniport activity. However, the purpose of these actions and how the renal gene is regulated are poorly understood. This study has addressed the latter issue by monitoring renal STC-1 gene expression in different(More)
SUMMARY Chronically cannulated rainbow trout were subjected to 6 min of severe burst exercise and monitored over a 12 h recovery period. There were short-lived increases in haematocrit, haemoglobin, plasma protein, Na + and Cl~ levels. Plasma [Cl~] later declined below normal as organic anions accumulated. A much larger and more prolonged elevation in(More)
Several arenaviruses can cause viral hemorrhagic fever, a severe disease with case-fatality rates in hospitalized individuals ranging from 15-30%. Because of limited prophylaxis and treatment options, new medical countermeasures are needed for these viruses classified by the National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) as top priority(More)
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) causes severe disease in humans and ungulates. The virus can be transmitted by mosquitoes, direct contact with infected tissues or fluids, or aerosol, making it a significant biological threat for which there is no approved vaccine or therapeutic. Herein we describe the evaluation of DEF201, an adenovirus-vectored interferon(More)
An adenovirus 5 vector encoding for mouse interferon alpha, subtype 5 (mDEF201) was evaluated for efficacy against lethal vaccinia virus (WR strain) respiratory infections in mice. mDEF201 was administered as a single intranasal treatment either prophylactically or therapeutically at doses of 10(6) to 10(8) plaque forming units/mouse. When the prophylactic(More)
Stanniocalcin-1 (STC-1) is made by kidney collecting duct cells for autocrine and paracrine targeting of nephron cell mitochondria. Here, the ligand stimulates respiratory uncoupling and calcium uniport activity. However, the underlying purpose of these actions and how the renal gene is regulated are poorly understood. In a previous study, we described the(More)
Pneumococcal infections are the leading cause of community-acquired pneumonia. Although the type 1 interferon-α (IFN-α) is a well-known antiviral cytokine, the role of IFN-α in antipneumococcal host defense and its therapeutic potential remain poorly understood. We have investigated these issues by using a murine transgene expression model. We found that in(More)
An adenovirus 5 vector encoding for mouse interferon alpha, subtype 5 (mDEF201) was evaluated for efficacy against lethal cowpox (Brighton strain) and vaccinia (WR strain) virus respiratory and systemic infections in mice. Two routes of mDEF201 administration were used, nasal sinus (5-µl) and pulmonary (50-µl), to compare differences in efficacy, since the(More)
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