Learn More
Pneumococcal infections are the leading cause of community-acquired pneumonia. Although the type 1 interferon-α (IFN-α) is a well-known antiviral cytokine, the role of IFN-α in antipneumococcal host defense and its therapeutic potential remain poorly understood. We have investigated these issues by using a murine transgene expression model. We found that in(More)
SUMMARY Chronically cannulated rainbow trout were subjected to 6 min of severe burst exercise and monitored over a 12 h recovery period. There were short-lived increases in haematocrit, haemoglobin, plasma protein, Na + and Cl~ levels. Plasma [Cl~] later declined below normal as organic anions accumulated. A much larger and more prolonged elevation in(More)
Punta Toro virus (PTV; Bunyaviridae, Phlebovirus) is related to Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), a pathogenic agent which causes severe disease in humans and livestock primarily in the sub-Saharan region of Africa. The recent range expansion of RVFV and the potential for its intentional release into naïve populations pose a significant threat to public(More)
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) causes severe disease in humans and ungulates. The virus can be transmitted by mosquitoes, direct contact with infected tissues or fluids, or aerosol, making it a significant biological threat for which there is no approved vaccine or therapeutic. Herein we describe the evaluation of DEF201, an adenovirus-vectored interferon(More)
Interferons (IFNs) are a first line of defense against viral infection. Herein we describe the use of an adenovirus vectored mouse IFN alpha gene (mDEF201) as a prophylactic and treatment countermeasure in a SARS-CoV-infected BALB/c mouse model. Complete survival protection was observed in mice given a single dose of mDEF201 administered intranasally 1, 3,(More)
Ebola virus (EBOV) causes lethal disease in up to 90% of EBOV-infected humans. Among vaccines, only the vesicular stomatitis virus platform has been successful in providing postexposure protection in nonhuman primates. Here, we show that an adjuvanted human adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5)-vectored vaccine (Ad5-Zaire EBOV glycoprotein) protected 67% (6 of 9) and(More)
Interferon (IFN) is an innate immune response protein that is involved in the antiviral response during viral infection. Treatment of acute viral infections with exogenous interferon may be effective but is generally not feasible for clinical use due to many factors, including cost, stability, and availability. To overcome these limitations, an adenovirus(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) are currently a promising treatment strategy against Ebola virus infection. This study combined MAbs with an adenovirus-vectored interferon (DEF201) to evaluate the efficacy in guinea pigs and extend the treatment window obtained with MAbs alone. Initiating the combination therapy at 3 days postinfection (d.p.i.) provided 100%(More)
Zaire Ebola virus (ZEBOV) is a pathogen that causes severe hemorrhagic fever in humans and non-human primates. There are currently no licensed vaccines or approved treatments available against ZEBOV infections. The goal of this work was to evaluate different treatment strategies in conjunction with a replication deficient, recombinant human adenovirus(More)