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OBJECTIVE Sleep deprivation is a rapid, nonpharmacologic antidepressant intervention that is effective for a subset of depressed patients. The objective of this study was to identify which brain structures' activity differentiates responders from nonresponders and to study how metabolism in these brain regions changes with mood. METHOD Regional cerebral(More)
Twenty affective disorder patients (16 bipolar and 4 unipolar) and 24 normal controls received scans with positron emission tomography (PET) using [18F]2-deoxyglucose (FDG) as a tracer. Subjects received a series of brief electrical stimuli to their right arms during FDG uptake. Patients with bipolar affective illness had significantly lower frontal to(More)
Four 51-year-old monozygotic quadruplets concordant for schizophrenia, originally studied at the National Institute of Mental Health 25 years ago, were restudied with topographic electroencephalography (EEG), evoked potentials (EPs), computed tomography (CT scans), polysomnographic sleep recordings, and positron emission tomography (PET) with(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) measurements of cerebral glucose use were made in 18 patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) during a passive viewing task off medication, and an active vigilance viewing task before and after medication or placebo treatment. In the passive viewing task, patients with GAD were compared with 15 normal controls. A(More)
Local cerebral uptake of deoxyglucose labeled with fluorine 18 was measured by positron emission tomography in 16 patients with schizophrenia and 11 patients with affective disorder. Patients received no medication a minimum of 14 days and an average of 39.8 days. The subjects were administered the deoxyglucose 18F just before receiving a 34-minute 1/s(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) with fluorodeoxyglucose were used to study the size and shape of the corpus callosum in 20 patients with unipolar depressive disorder and 16 normal controls. An automated algorithm outlined the corpus callosum and divided it into quarters. The anterior and posterior quarters of the(More)
Two analytical methods for assessing regional glucography with positron emission tomography were compared in 16 patients with schizophrenia and 11 patients with affective disorders. Patients were off all medication a minimum of 14 days and an average of 39.8 days. The subjects were administered fluorine-18-labeled 2-deoxyglucose just before receiving a(More)
This report describes an integrated anatomical, electrophysiological and data management system for presenting cortical surface distribution maps. Approximately equal area projections (lateral and top) were constructed from a cross-sectional whole head atlas. Anatomical landmarks (major sulcus and gyrus locations) were also located on the outline. The(More)
The effect of the volatile anesthetic desflurane on spinal and cortical somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) was examined in 11 Sprague-Dawley male rats. Platinum recording electrodes were placed stereotactically over the left somatosensory cortex and dorsal midline of the T11-12 spinal cord while the right posterior tibial nerve was stimulated at twice(More)