Jeffrey C. Zemla

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An illusion of explanatory depth (IOED) occurs when people believe they understand a concept more deeply than they actually do. To date, IOEDs have been identified only in mechanical and natural domains, occluding why they occur and suggesting that their implications are quite limited. Six studies illustrated that IOEDs occur because people adopt an(More)
The Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen) seeks to reduce gridlock at airports by, among other things, creating a more efficient surface taxi management system. Addressing this situation creates a difficult evaluation problem; how can new scheduling methods be tested? Present methods generally involve either expensive human-in-the-loop(More)
Semantic networks have been used extensively in psychology to describe how humans organize facts and knowledge in memory. Numerous methods have been proposed to construct semantic networks using data from memory retrieval tasks, such as the semantic fluency task (listing items in a category). However these methods typically generate group-level networks,(More)
People frequently rely on explanations provided by others to understand complex phenomena. A fair amount of attention has been devoted to the study of scientific explanation, and less on understanding how people evaluate naturalistic, everyday explanations. Using a corpus of diverse explanations from Reddit's "Explain Like I'm Five" and other online(More)
Individual differences in reflectiveness have been found to predict belief in God. We hypothesize that this association may be due to a broader inclination for intuitive thinkers to endorse teleological explanations. In support of our hypothesis, we find that scientifically unfounded teleological explanations are more likely to be endorsed by intuitive(More)
There is a critical gap in attempting to predict aviation system performance between large-scale engineering-oriented simulations and human-in-the-loop experiments. In order to bridge this gap, we have constructed a model of a human pilot taxiing a commercial jetliner using ACT-R, a computational theory of human cognition and performance. The model was(More)
A number of philosophers argue for the value of abstraction in explanation. According to these prescriptive theories, an explanation becomes superior when it leaves out details that make no difference to the occurrence of the event one is trying to explain (the explanandum). Abstract explanations are not frugal placeholders for improved, detailed future(More)
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