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DNA from 61 unrelated patients with adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) was examined for mutations in three genes (DP1, SRP19, and DP2.5) located within a 100 kb region deleted in two of the patients. The intron-exon boundary sequences were defined for each of these genes, and single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of exons from DP2.5 identified four(More)
The usefulness of epirubicin in the treatment of adult and childhood malignant diseases is related in part to the potential reduction in cardiac toxicity compared with that of other anthracyclines given at equivalent doses. An important pathway for epirubicin detoxification is UGT2B7-dependent glucuronidation. This study was implemented to provide a(More)
In an effort to identify and characterize minor forms of human liver cytochrome P450, immunoblot analyses of microsome samples were developed with antibodies to various P450s that recognized multiple human P450s. Four P450s were recognized in immunoblot analyses of human liver microsome samples developed with an antibody previously demonstrated to(More)
The cytochromes P450 are a superfamily of hemoproteins that catalyze the metabolism of a large number of xenobiotics and endobiotics. The type and amount (i.e., the animal's phenotype) of the P450s expressed by the animal, primarily in the liver, thus determine the metabolic response of the animal to a chemical challenge. A majority of the characterized(More)
The human cytochrome P4503A forms show expression patterns subject to developmental influence. CYP3A7 and CYP3A4 are generally classified as the major fetal and adult liver forms, respectively. However, characterization of CYP3A4, -3A5, and -3A7 developmental expression has historically been confounded by the lack of CYP3A isoform-specific antibodies or(More)
(R)- and (S)-fluoxetine were found to be competitive inhibitors of P450 2D6-mediated bufuralol 1'-hydroxylation in vitro, yielding Ki values of 1.38 +/- 0.48 and 0.22 +/- 0.11 microM, respectively. Their N-demethylated metabolites were also found to be potent inhibitors (Ki, (R)-norfluoxetine, 1.48 +/- 0.27 microM; (S)-norfluoxetine, 0.31 +/- 0.04 microM).(More)
The neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) gene product, neurofibromin, contains a GTPase-activating protein (GAP)-related domain, or NF1 GRD, that is able to down-regulate p21ras by stimulating its intrinsic GTPase. Since p21ras.GTP is a major regulator of growth and differentiation, mutant neurofibromins resulting from somatic mutations in the NF1 gene might interfere(More)
In vitro methods were used to identify the cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme(s) involved in S-mephenytoin N-demethylation. S-Mephenytoin (200 microM) was incubated with human liver microsomes, and nirvanol formation was quantitated by reversed-phase HPLC. S-Mephenytoin N-demethylase activity in a panel of human liver microsomes ranged 35-fold from 9 to 319(More)
The structural basis for functional differences between human cytochrome P-450 2B6 and rat 2B1 was investigated. An amino acid sequence alignment predicted the location of 2B6 substrate recognition site (SRS) residues. Ten residues within these SRSs unique to 2B6 compared with 2B1, 2B4, and 2B11 were chosen for mutagenesis. Two additional sites that differ(More)
Three new neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) mutations have been detected and characterized. Pulsed-field gel and Southern blot analyses reveal the mutations to be deletions of 190, 40, and 11 kb of DNA. The 11 kb deletion does not contain any of the previously characterized genes that lie between two NF1 translocation breakpoints, but it does include a portion(More)