Jeffrey C Klein

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When interacting with the CD4 receptor, the HIV gp120 envelope glycoprotein undergoes conformational changes that allow binding to the chemokine receptor. Receptor binding is proposed to lead to conformational changes in the gp41 transmembrane envelope glycoprotein involving the creation and/or exposure of a coiled coil consisting of three heptad repeat(More)
We developed a simian virus 40 based shuttle vector system to study the molecular consequences of distinct carcinogen-induced DNA lesions in human cells. To establish the mutagenicity of O4-ethylthymine adducts, oligonucleotides carrying a single O4-ethylthymine adduct at a unique position were ligated into the vector molecules. Following replication in(More)
The initial events of HIV-1 cell infection involve the sequential binding of the viral envelope glycoprotein gp120 to the cellular CD4 receptor and the coreceptor, usually CCR5 or CXCR4. Binding to the coreceptor triggers the chain of events that culminates with the entry of the virus into the cell. In this process, the interaction of gp120 with the(More)
The in vivo mutagenicity of 7-hydro-8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) and N-(guanin-8-yl)-N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene (8-AAFdG) in human cells was determined by transfecting various cell lines with plasmids that carried a single adduct at a defined site. 8-OxodG is one of the many DNA modifications formed by oxygen radicals, and was found to be highly(More)
NBD-556 and the chemically and structurally similar NBD-557 are two low-molecular weight compounds that reportedly block the interaction between the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 and its receptor, CD4. NBD-556 binds to gp120 with a binding affinity of 2.7 x 10(5) M(-1) (K(d) = 3.7 muM) in a process characterized by a large favorable change in enthalpy(More)
Structure-activity correlations were investigated for substituted peptide conjugates that function as dual receptor site antagonists of HIV-1 gp120. A series of peptide conjugates were constructed via click reaction of both aryl and alkyl acetylenes with an internally incorporated azidoproline 6 derived from the parent peptide 1 (12p1, RINNIPWSEAMM).(More)
During the course of infection, a subset of HIV-1 proteins interacts with multiple cellular partners, sometimes in a hierarchical or sequential way. These proteins include those associated with the initial infection event, with the preparation of the cell for the replicative cycle of the virus and with the exit of new virions from the infected cell. It(More)
O4-Alkylthymines have been implicated as potential carcinogenic DNA lesions. We have studied the effects of O4-methylthymine, O4-ethylthymine, and O4-n-propylthymine in a model system in which a single lesion was located at a defined position on a SV40-based shuttle vector and have found large differences in the effects of these lesions in repair-proficient(More)
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