Learn More
We performed a series of experiments examining the effect of contrast on the perception of moving plaids. This was done to test the hypothesis put forth by Adelson and Movshon (1982) that the human visual system determines the direction of a moving plaid in a two-staged process: decomposition into component motion followed by application of the intersection(More)
The perceived direction of motion of plaids windowed by elongated spatial Gaussians is biased toward the window's long axis. The bias increases as the relative angle between the plaid motion and the long axis of the window increases, peaks at a relative angle of approximately 45 deg, and then decreases. The bias increases as the window is made narrower (at(More)
We describe a system designed to monitor the gaze of a user working naturally at a computer workstation. The system consists of three cameras situated between the keyboard and the monitor. Free head movements are allowed within a three-dimensional volume approximately 40 centimeters in diameter. Two fixed, wide-field "face" cameras equipped with(More)
The sensitivity of the visual system to motion of differentially moving random dots was measured. Two kinds of one-dimensional motion were compared: standing-wave patterns where dot movement amplitude varied as a sinusoidal function of position along the axis of dot movement (longitudinal or compressional waves) and patterns of motion where dot movement(More)
xperiments were performed to elucidate the decomposition performed by-t the human visual system in the segregation of complex motion stimuli into dis inct moving surfaces. Subjects were presented with achromatic patterns consist-d ing of four types of elements, generated from two binary Julesz patterns (random ot checkerboards). The luminance of each of the(More)
Thresholds were measured for detecting spatial luminance modulation in regular lattices of visually discrete dots. Thresholds for modulation of a lattice are generally higher than the corresponding threshold for modulation of a continuous field, and the size of the threshold elevation, which depends on the spacing of the lattice elements, can be as large as(More)
Current microcomputers are powerful enough to implement a realtime eye tracking system, but the computational throughput still limits the types of algorithms that can be implemented in real time. Many of the image processing algorithms that are typically used in eye tracking applications can be significantly accelerated when the processing is delegated to a(More)
Experiments were performed to elucidate the decomposition performed by the human visual system in the segregation of complex motion stimuli into distinct moving surfaces. Subjects were presented with achromatic patterns consisting of four types of elements, generated from two random binary luminance patterns (random-dot checkerboards). The luminance of each(More)