Learn More
It has been difficult to establish a strong correlation between total brain T2-weighted lesion volume on MRI and clinical disability in multiple sclerosis, in part because of the lack of pathological specificity of T2-weighted MRI signal changes. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies have shown that measurements of the resonance intensity of(More)
OBJECTIVES While the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD) remains to be elucidated, postmortem and neuroimaging studies have suggested that abnormalities in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) are implicated. We compared the levels of specific brain chemicals of interest measured with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) in(More)
OBJECTIVE This 12-week study of two elderly, depressed subjects investigated the effect of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCAR) treatment on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) and on measures of high-energy phosphate and membrane phospholipid metabolism. METHODS Two mildly depressed (HDRS 15-20), non-demented male subjects 70 and 80 years old were compared(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, phospholipid metabolism of cell membranes, high-energy phosphate metabolism, and intracellular free magnesium concentration in the prefrontal cortex of first-episode drug-naive schizophrenic patients and medicated schizophrenic patients at different stages of illness were compared with those of controls. METHODS Localized in vivo(More)
In vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is the only noninvasive imaging technique that can directly assess the living biochemistry in localized brain regions. In the past decade, spectroscopy studies have shown biochemical alterations in various neuropsychiatric disorders. These first-generation studies have, in most cases, been exploratory but have(More)
Thalamic alterations have been reported in autism, but the relationships between these abnormalities and clinical symptoms, specifically sensory features, have not been elucidated. The goal of this investigation is to combine two neuroimaging methods to examine further the pathophysiology of thalamic anomalies in autism and to identify any association with(More)
This multi-voxel, phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P MRS) study examined the prefrontal cortex (PFC), basal ganglia (BG) and superior temporal (ST) region in 10 children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and 15 healthy controls. ADHD patients had lower PFC and BG phosphomonoester (PME) levels compared to healthy children.(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor val66met polymorphism has been implicated in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder. We investigated the neurochemistry of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex of bipolar disorder and healthy participants in relation to the brain-derived neurotrophic factor val66met polymorphism using H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy.(More)
CONTEXT Cortical abnormalities have been noted in previous studies of major depressive disorder (MDD). OBJECTIVE To hypothesize differences in regional cortical thickness among children with MDD, children with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and healthy controls. DESIGN Cross-sectional study of groups. SETTING Children's Hospital of Michigan in(More)
Neuroimaging and postmortem studies have suggested the involvement of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in the pathophysioloy of unipolar disorder. We examined with in vivo 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) the levels of specific metabolites in the DLPFC of adult unipolar patients and the role of illness chronicity on DLPFC abnormalities.(More)