Jeffrey A. Stanley

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It has been difficult to establish a strong correlation between total brain T2-weighted lesion volume on MRI and clinical disability in multiple sclerosis, in part because of the lack of pathological specificity of T2-weighted MRI signal changes. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies have shown that measurements of the resonance intensity of(More)
Thalamic alterations have been reported in autism, but the relationships between these abnormalities and clinical symptoms, specifically sensory features, have not been elucidated. The goal of this investigation is to combine two neuroimaging methods to examine further the pathophysiology of thalamic anomalies in autism and to identify any association with(More)
OBJECTIVES While the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD) remains to be elucidated, postmortem and neuroimaging studies have suggested that abnormalities in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) are implicated. We compared the levels of specific brain chemicals of interest measured with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) in(More)
The level of the 1H metabolites in the left dorsolateral prefrontal region of schizophrenia patients at different stages of illness were measured in vivo using a short echo time spectroscopy technique. During both the early onset and chronic stages, normal N-acetylaspartate levels were observed, which suggests that these patients had no significant neuronal(More)
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy allows investigation of in vivo neurochemical pathology of schizophrenia. "First generation" studies, focusing on phosphorus and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, have suggested alterations in membrane phospholipid metabolism and reductions in N-acetyl aspartate in the frontal and temporal lobes. Some discrepancies(More)
Our knowledge of the biological basis of schizophrenia has significantly increased with the contribution of in vivo proton and phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), a noninvasive tool that can assess the biochemistry from a localized region in the human body. Studies thus far suggest altered membrane phospholipid metabolism at the early stage of(More)
OBJECTIVE This 12-week study of two elderly, depressed subjects investigated the effect of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCAR) treatment on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) and on measures of high-energy phosphate and membrane phospholipid metabolism. METHODS Two mildly depressed (HDRS 15-20), non-demented male subjects 70 and 80 years old were compared(More)
In vivo 1H MR spectra of the prefrontal cortex acquired with the stimulated echo acquisition mode (STEAM) TE = 20 ms sequence were quantified to determine relative levels of cerebral metabolites. A priori knowledge of spectra from individual metabolites in aqueous solution was incorporated into a frequency domain quantification technique. The accuracy and(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, phospholipid metabolism of cell membranes, high-energy phosphate metabolism, and intracellular free magnesium concentration in the prefrontal cortex of first-episode drug-naive schizophrenic patients and medicated schizophrenic patients at different stages of illness were compared with those of controls. METHODS Localized in vivo(More)
In vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is the only noninvasive imaging technique that can directly assess the living biochemistry in localized brain regions. In the past decade, spectroscopy studies have shown biochemical alterations in various neuropsychiatric disorders. These first-generation studies have, in most cases, been exploratory but have(More)