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Vincristine (VCR) is a mainstay of treatment of hematologic malignancies and solid tumors due to its well-defined mechanism of action, demonstrated anticancer activity and its ability to be combined with other agents. VCR is an M-phase cell cycle-specific anticancer drug with activity that is concentration and exposure duration dependent. The(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether d-alpha-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) functions as an inhibitor of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), the multidrug resistance transporter. METHODS Two assays were used to measure the function of TPGS on P-gp function. First, we examined the ability of TPGS to modulate the cytotoxicity of established, cytotoxic,(More)
Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4), the major phase I drug metabolizing enzyme in humans, and the MDR1 gene product P-glycoprotein (P-gp) are present at high concentrations in villus tip enterocytes of the small intestine and share a significant overlap in substrate specificity. A large body of research both in vitro and in vivo has established metabolism by(More)
(+)-1,4-Dihydro-7-(trans-3-methoxy-4-methylamino-1-pyrrolidinyl)-4-oxo-1-(2-thiazolyl)-1,8-naphthyridine-3-carboxylic acid (voreloxin; formerly SNS-595 or AG-7352) is currently under investigation for the treatment of platinum-resistant ovarian cancer and acute myeloid leukemia. In vitro voreloxin undergoes minimal cytochrome P450 (P450) and UDP(More)
Saquinavir, a peptidomimetic HIV protease inhibitor, has been shown to be effective in reducing patient viral load and reducing mortality. In this report we investigated whether saquinavir is a substrate for the multidrug resistance transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp), which may reduce the effective intracellular concentration of the drug. G185 cells, which(More)
PURPOSE Grapefruit juice (GJ) is known to increase the oral bioavailability of many CYP3A-substrates by inhibiting intestinal phase-I metabolism. However, the magnitude of AUC increase is often insignificant and highly variable. Since we earlier suggested that CYP3A and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) form a concerted barrier to drug absorption, we investigated the(More)
Vincristine sulfate liposome injection (VSLI,) is a sphingomyelin and cholesterol nanoparticle formulation of vincristine sulfate (VCR) that was designed to overcome the dosing and pharmacokinetic limitations of standard VCR. In contrast to the rapid CL and wide tissue distribution of non-liposomal VCR, VSLI circulates in plasma for a prolonged period of(More)
The liver is presented with a diverse set of nutrients, endogenous metabolites, and xenobiotics it must process for movement to their correct physiologic destinations. These compounds are transported by specific mechanisms that move their substrates, often against a concentration gradient. Several hepatic transporters have been identified such as the(More)
P-glycoprotein, an energy-dependent plasma membrane drug-efflux pump capable of reducing the intracellular concentration of a variety of hydrophobic xenobiotics, is encoded by mdr1, a member of the multidrug-resistant (mdr) gene family. The physiological function of this protein is unknown. Because of its location on the bile canalicular domain of the(More)
  • MARILYN GITTELL, KATHE NEWMAN, +18 authors Isolda Ortega-Bustamante
  • 2002
In the past two decades, the roles of state and local governments have increased greatly as federalist policies are pursued and power is devolved away from the federal government to more local structures. As a result, the need for applied research on state and city level policy and politics has never been greater. The Samuels Center works to fulfill that(More)