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We estimated genetic effects on bone density in pre- and postmenopausal twins and critically considered the assumptions of the twin model. Bone mass in the radius, lumbar spine, and hip, anthropometric measurements, usual calcium and caffeine intake, tobacco and alcohol use, number of pregnancies and live births, menstrual history, usual physical activity,(More)
25-30% of families fulfilling the criteria for hereditary diffuse gastric cancer have germline mutations of the CDH1 (E-cadherin) gene. In light of new data and advancement of technologies, a multidisciplinary workshop was convened to discuss genetic testing, surgery, endoscopy and pathology reporting. The updated recommendations include broadening of CDH1(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS The role of surgery in patients with the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is controversial. To determine the efficacy of surgery in patients with this syndrome, we followed 151 consecutive patients who underwent laparotomy between 1981 and 1998. Of these patients, 123 had sporadic gastrinomas and 28 had multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS It is unclear whether tumor location, size, or the presence of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN-1) alters metastatic rate and survival in patients with pancreatic endocrine tumors. The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic factors of survival and metastatic rate in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES). (More)
OBJECTIVES The authors evaluate the results of preoperative imaging protocols and surgical re-exploration in a series of patients with missed parathyroid adenomas after failed procedures for primary hyperparathyroidism. BACKGROUND The success rate is lower and the complication rate is increased in patients undergoing reoperation for primary(More)
To facilitate the noninvasive preoperative localization of islet cell tumors less than 15 mm in diameter, the authors examined the use of calcium as an insulin secretagogue in an arterial stimulation venous sampling (ASVS) technique. In four patients with episodic hypoglycemia, calcium gluconate (0.01-0.025 mEq Ca2+/kg) was injected directly into branches(More)
p < 0.02) or than all kindred members who did not die of MEN-I disease (median 55 years, p < 0.05). The causes of death of the MEN-I patients included islet cell tumor ( n = 12), ulcer disease ( n = 6), hypercalcemia/uremia ( n = 3), carcinoid tumor ( n = 6), and nonendocrine malignancies ( n = 9). There was no difference in survival between MEN-I carriers(More)
OBJECTIVE Highlight unresolved controversies in the management of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Recent studies have resolved some of the previous controversies including the surgical cure rate in patients with and without Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia-type1 (MEN1), the biological behavior of duodenal and pancreatic gastrinomas,(More)
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate prospectively the value of intraoperative ultrasound scanning (IOUS) in localizing islet cell tumors by comparing results of IOUS to those of palpation during 44 consecutive laparotomies for gastrinoma (36) or insulinoma (8). All patients had preoperative radiographic imaging studies and selective venous(More)
BACKGROUND Because metastatic pancreatic endocrine tumors (MPET) have a poor prognosis, 17 patients with potentially resectable MPET were prospectively studied to define the efficacy of aggressive resection. METHODS Patients underwent resection when the full extent of MPET was deemed operable after imaging studies were obtained. Two patients underwent(More)