Jeffrey A. Moscow

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Microcystins are a family of cyclic peptides that are potent inhibitors of the protein phosphatase families PP1 and PP2A. Only three human proteins are thought to be able to mediate the hepatic uptake of microcystins (the organic anion-transporting polypeptides OATP1B1, OATP1B3, and OATP1A2), and the predominant hepatic expression of these transporters(More)
The purpose of these studies was to further elucidate the active mammary epithelial transport processes for the organic cation cimetidine and the organic anion nitrofurantoin and to determine which of the identified rat organic anion (rOATs) and organic cation (rOCTs) transporters may be responsible for transport of these drugs into milk. Milk-to-serum(More)
Our laboratory has previously reported the isolation of a murine cDNA which restores reduced folate carrier (RFC) activity and methotrexate (MTX) sensitivity to a MTX-resistant, transport-deficient human breast cancer cell line (MTXR ZR-75-1) (K. H. Dixon et al., J. Biol. Chem., 269: 17-20, 1994). Using this murine cDNA as a probe, we have isolated two(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the mdr1 gene encoding a putative drug efflux pump (P-glycoprotein) is homologous to a class of bacterial membrane-associated transport proteins. These bacterial proteins are part of a multicomponent system that includes soluble periplasmic proteins that bind substrates, channeling them through the membrane in an energy-dependent(More)
Transporter-mediated processes in the lactating mammary gland may explain the significant accumulation of certain drugs in breast milk. The purpose of this study was to identify potential candidate drug transport proteins involved in drug accumulation in milk. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction methods were developed to determine(More)
Little is known regarding the regulation of expression of the RHOA protooncogene, a member of the family of genes encoding Ras-related GTP-binding proteins. We have previously reported that the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of RHOA was contained within a genomic sequence which flanked the 5' end of the human glutathione peroxidase 1-encoding gene [J.A.(More)
Doxorubicin (ADRIAMYCIN, RUBEX) is a chemotherapeutic agent that is commonly administered to breast cancer patients in standard chemotherapy regimens. As true of all such therapeutic cytotoxic agents, it can damage normal, noncancerous cells and might affect biochemical processes in a manner that might lead to, or contribute to, chemotherapy-induced(More)
The consistent deletion of 3p21 in lung cancer has led to intensive efforts to identify a lung tumor suppressor gene at this locus. We recently mapped the gene for the selenium-dependent drug-detoxifying enzyme glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1) to this location by in situ hybridization. We developed a polymerase chain reaction-based assay which demonstrated(More)
Four human colon cancer cell lines (SW620, LS 180, DLD-I, and HCT-15) and sub-lines isolated in vitro by selection with Adriamycin were studied for reversal of intrinsic and acquired Adriamycin resistance, using buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) to deplete cellular glutathione alone and in combination with the P-glycoprotein antagonist verapamil. GSH levels(More)
Low-dose decitabine has encouraging activity and tolerability in adults with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), but paediatric experience is lacking. We report our retrospective experience with decitabine in eight children and young adults (median age 4 years) with refractory/relapsed AML, who had failed multiple regimens or were not candidates for standard(More)