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An experiment with a full factorial design was used to study the effects of and interactions among temperature, water activity (a(infw)), incubation period, and substrate on coproduction of aflatoxins (AF) and cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) by an isolate of Aspergillus flavus. Analysis of variance showed that there was a complex interaction among all of these(More)
Grain entering store carries a microflora of 'field' and 'storage' fungi. Field fungi require readily available water and therefore seldom develop in store. By contrast, storage fungi, especially Aspergillus spp., are able to grow at low water activities (aw, 0.70-0.75) enabling them to initiate grain spoilage. The ability of storage fungi to germinate,(More)
Silica and alkali metals in wheat straw limit its use for bioenergy and gasification. Slag deposits occur via the eutectic melting of SiO2 with K2O, trapping chlorides at surfaces and causing corrosion. A minimum melting point of 950 degrees C is desirable, corresponding to an SiO2:K2O weight ratio of about 3:1. Mild chemical treatments were used to reduce(More)
There have been several studies of the relationships between environmental factors, particularly air pollution, and attacks of asthma. Most of these studies have ignored the potential confounding effects of aeroallergens such as pollens and fungal spores. We report a statistical analysis of the relationships between emergency admissions for asthma to a(More)
Both water activity (aW) and temperature affected the production of altenuene (AE), alternariol (AOH), and alternariol monomethyl ether (AME) by Alternaria alternata on wheat extract agar and wheat grain. Greatest production of all three mycotoxins occurred at 0.98 aW and 25 degrees C on both substrates. At 0.98 aW and 25 degrees C, a single colony of A.(More)
A series of 100 consecutive UCI knee replacements showed a 7 per cent incidence of reoperation due to loosening of the prosthesis associated with permanent deformation of the tibial component. Analysis of the clinical data, roentgenograms, and removed implants showed associations between failure and radiolucency at the cement-bone interface, prosthetic(More)
Projects funded by International Development Research Centre (IDRC) of Canada and the European Commission have enabled the examination of more than 3000 samples of maize collected from all regions of Costa Rica at different stages, from the growing crop through storage to final sale, and at different water contents. Contamination with Aspergillus flavus was(More)
Colonization of barley grain by Fusarium sporotrichioides and T-2 toxin formation in the presence of Aspergillus flavus, Penicillium verrucosum, and Hyphopichia burtonii were studied at 20 and 30 degrees C and at 0.97, 0.95 or 0.90 aw during 3 weeks' incubation. Colonization of grain was assessed from frequency of seed infection and numbers of colony(More)
After identification of a case of extrinsic allergic alveolitis due to exposure to wood dust at a sawmill, all employees at the sawmill where he worked were studied with an occupational, environmental, and symptom questionnaire, spirometry, skin prick tests, and serum specific IgG measurements. Ninety five of current and 14 of 17 ex-sawmill workers were(More)