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Previous studies demonstrated that the rat neuron-specific enolase (NSE) promoter is effective for transgene expression in the brain in a variety of adeno-associated virus-2 vectors. This study evaluated the dose response and longer time course of this promoter and compared it to two cytomegalovirus/chicken beta-actin hybrid (CBA) promoter-based systems.(More)
Brain alpha7 nicotinic receptors have become therapeutic targets for Alzheimer's disease (AD) based on their memory-enhancing and neuroprotective actions. This study investigated the feasibility of increasing neuronal alpha7 receptor functions using a gene delivery approach based on neuron-selective recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV)-derived vectors.(More)
While activation of alpha7 nicotinic receptors protects neurons from a variety of apoptotic insults in vitro, little is known about this neuroprotective action in vivo, especially under amyloidogenic conditions that mimic Alzheimer's disease. We therefore investigated the effects of 4OH-GTS-21, a selective partial agonist for these receptors, on(More)
alpha7 Nicotinic receptors are calcium permeant and provide neuroprotection against many insults. We investigated the roles of intracellular calcium ions and downstream calcium channels in this protection. The alpha7 agonist GTS-21 prevented pheochromocytoma cell death induced by nerve growth factor + serum deprivation over a 3-day interval. This effect was(More)
CFW mice were injected with methylmercury hydroxide (1, 2, 3, 5 or 10 mg/kg as mercury) on Day 8 of gestation. Mice treated with 3, 5 or 10 mg/kg averaged 1/3 fewer pups than controls. Pups from these treated animals weighed less than controls and the weight differences persisted through weaning but were no longer significant at 56 days of age. Mice exposed(More)
Estrogens have demonstrable neuroprotective effects. This fact has lead to the proposed use of estrogens for the prevention and/or treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The exact protective mechanism estrogens provide is not fully understood. In this report, a potential non-genomic mechanism for estratrienes involving alterations in membrane fluidity was(More)
This study evaluated the effects of a novel, pH-sensitive surfactant, dodecyl 2-(1'-imidazolyl) propionate (DIP), on cationic lipid mediated transfection in primary rat brain neuronal and glial cultures. The cationic lipid complex DOTAP/DOPE (1, 2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium propionate and dioleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine, respectively) was added over a(More)
Antisense oligonucleotide (AS-ODN) inhibition of angiotensin receptors (AT1-R) offers a potentially novel therapeutic approach for hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy and other aspects of cardiovascular disease. To clarify questions concerning cellular uptake and retention of these oligos, we quantified the trafficking and stability of(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) therapy has been proposed to treat cognitive impairments in aged patients including those with Alzheimer's disease. Various viral vectors, including adeno-associated virus serotype 2 (AAV2), have been investigated for their ability to deliver NGF in brain. In this study, hybrid vectors (AAV2/5) consisting of the genome of(More)