Jeffrey A Grass

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The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the effect of jaw relaxation, music and the combination of relaxation and music on postoperative pain after major abdominal surgery during ambulation and rest on postoperative days 1 and 2. Opioid medication provided for pain, following abdominal surgery, does not always give sufficient relief and(More)
One of the most common methods for providing postoperative analgesia is via patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). Although the typical approach is to administer opioids via a programmable infusion pump, other drugs and other modes of administration are available. This article reviews the history and practice of many aspects of PCA and provides extensive(More)
Psychometric properties of the Sensation and Distress of Pain Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) are compared to dual numerical rating scales (NRS) with data from a randomized controlled trial of postoperative patients. On postoperative days 1 and 2, 15-minute test-retest reliability was .73 to .82 for the VAS and slightly lower for the NRS, r = .72 to .78, while(More)
UNLABELLED A noninvasive method of delivery of parenteral opioids for management of acute pain may offer logistic advantages for patients and nursing staff. A patient-controlled transdermal system (PCTS) under development consists of a preprogrammed, self-contained drug-delivery system that uses electrotransport technology (E-TRANS, ALZA Corp, Mountain(More)
BACKGROUND Improvement in patient outcome and reduced use of medical resources may result from using epidural anesthesia and analgesia as compared with general anesthesia and intravenous opioids, although the relative importance of intraoperative versus postoperative technique has not been studied. This prospective, double-masked, randomized clinical trial(More)
BACKGROUND Current treatment for childhood intracranial ependymomas with surgery and radiation therapy (RT) yields 5-year survival rates ranging from 50-70% after complete resection to 0-30% after incomplete surgical resection. The role of chemotherapy in the treatment of ependymoma has not been established. In this pilot study, children with newly(More)
  • J A Grass
  • Anesthesiology clinics of North America
  • 2000
There is increasing evidence to support the hypothesis that epidural anesthesia and analgesia (EAA) can improve surgical outcome by reducing postoperative morbidity and hastening recovery. Likely benefits include decreased incidence of cardiac complications in high-risk patients; lower incidence of pulmonary complications, specifically pneumonia,(More)
  • J A Grass
  • Journal of pain and symptom management
  • 1992
Although morphine and fentanyl remain the predominant epidural opioids, sufentanil offers some unique advantages. Because of its greater lipophilicity and mu-receptor binding capacity, sufentanil has a faster onset of action and longer duration than epidural fentanyl. Compared with morphine, sufentanil has been associated with a lower incidence of side(More)
PURPOSE Guided imagery uses the power of thought to influence psychologic and physiologic states. Some studies have shown that guided imagery can decrease anxiety, analgesic requirements, and length of stay for surgical patients. This study was designed to determine whether guided imagery in the perioperative period could improve the outcome of colorectal(More)
UNLABELLED Anticipated technical difficulty is one factor that can influence the anesthesiologist's decision to perform neuraxial (spinal or epidural) blockade. Problems during the procedure may be associated with patient dissatisfaction, neurologic sequelae, or hematoma. We designed this study of 595 neuraxial blocks to determine whether any patient(More)