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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of nine or more highly homologous Zn(++)-endopeptidases that collectively cleave most if not all of the constituents of the extracellular matrix. The present review discusses in detail the primary structures and the overlapping yet distinct substrate specificities of MMPs as well as the mode of activation of the(More)
A group B streptococcal (GBS) bacteriophage lysin gene was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The purified recombinant enzyme, calculated to have a molecular mass of 49 677 Da, lysed GBS cells. The susceptibility of GBS cells to lysis by the enzyme depended upon the growth stage at which they were harvested, with early exponential phase cells most(More)
A biopanning process designed to find peptide epitopes specific for cell surface receptors has been used in this study to select seven- and 12-amino-acid peptides capable of binding to and internalizing with the human transferrin receptor (hTfR). Through sequential rounds of negative and positive selection, two peptide sequences were identified that(More)
Human apolipoprotein (apo) A-I has been the subject of intense investigation because of its well-documented anti-atherogenic properties. About 70% of the protein found in high density lipoprotein complexes is apo A-I, a molecule that contains a series of highly homologous amphipathic alpha-helices. A number of significant experimental observations have(More)
Genetic alterations found in carcinomas can alter specific regulatory pathways and provide a selective growth advantage by activation of transforming oncogenes. A subset of these genes, including wild-type alleles of GLI or c-MYC, and activated alleles of RAS or beta-catenin, exhibit transforming activity when expressed in diploid epithelial RK3E cells in(More)
Immunoglobulin junctional diversity is concentrated in the third complementarity-determining region of the heavy chain (CDR-H3), which often plays a dominant role in antigen binding. The range of CDR-H3 lengths in mouse is shorter than in human, and thus the murine repertoire could be presumed to be a subset of the human one. To test this presumption, we(More)
The structure of truncated human apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I), the major protein component of high density lipoprotein, has been determined at 4-A resolution. The crystals comprise residues 44-243 (exon 4) of apo A-I, a fragment that binds to lipid similarly to intact apo A-I and that retains the lipid-bound conformation even in the absence of lipid. The(More)
A cDNA (hSPO) encoding human salivary peroxidase (hSPO) was isolated and its nucleotide (nt) sequence determined. The coding sequence resembles those of other mammalian peroxidases and contains a 3' untranslated region of 538 nt. In a rabbit reticulocyte lysate transcription/translation system, the cDNA produces a major protein of approx. 67 kDa, which(More)
n-Butyrate (butyrate) has been shown to amplify transgene expression in cells infected with E1-defective adenoviruses. The present studies were undertaken in order to better define the actions of butyrate in the context of adenovirus gene expression, and to attempt to elucidate the mechanism by which butyrate mediates the transgene amplification. It was(More)
The stromelysin-2 (SL-2) gene is transcriptionally active in normal human keratinocytes and encodes a secreted, catalytically competent but latent matrix metalloproteinase. Phorbolester induction resulted in the emergence of SL-2 (but not SL-1 transcripts), whereas the opposite was true for human mucosal fibroblasts. Expression of keratinocyte SL-2 was also(More)