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Previous studies imply that the intracellular domain of Notch1 must translocate to the nucleus for its activity. In this study, we demonstrate that a mNotch1 mutant protein that lacks its extracellular domain but retains its membrane-spanning region becomes proteolytically processed on its intracellular surface and, as a result, the activated intracellular(More)
We show that Myf-5 and mNotch mRNA are both present in the presomitic mesoderm before muscle cell commitment and before muscle structural gene activation. The failure of presomitic mesoderm to respond to Myf-5 and express myogenic properties implies that there may be a mechanism in presomitic mesoderm to suppress muscle differentiation. Here we show that(More)
P19 cells, a mouse embryonal carcinoma line, can be induced to differentiate into neurons. After induction, however, only a small subpopulation of cells develop as neurons, suggesting that equipotent cells adopt different cell fates. In invertebrate systems, the lin-12-Notch family of genes is thought to control the choice of cell fate. We have therefore(More)
Neural tube defects (NTD) are one of the most common birth defects and are caused by both environmental and genetic factors. The approach to identifying the genes predisposing to NTD, through linkage analysis and candidate gene analysis, is reviewed along with characteristics of a large, nationally ascertained cohort of families. Results from specific(More)
Conversion of crystalline alpha-, beta-, or gamma-cyclodextrins into amorphous mixtures of water soluble derivatives yields non-toxic solubilizers which dissolve drugs through the formation of inclusion complexes. From these types of compounds 2-hydroxypropyl ethers of cyclodextrins have presently been investigated and the ranges for the safe use in working(More)
"Peripheral-type" benzodiazepine receptors are localized to the outer mitochondrial membrane. We have identified potent competitive inhibitors of these receptors and purified them from human blood and from several rat organs. TLC analysis of the purified inhibitor from erythrocytes displays a single peak of inhibitory activity with an absorbance spectrum(More)
We investigated the T locus as a candidate gene in a series of patients and families with lumbosacral myelomeningocele. Single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis was used to identify sequence variation in all 8 exons and in intron 7 of this locus. We found evidence of substantial polymorphism within this locus, as previously reported(More)
A cell line has been established in continuous culture of human cerebral cortical neurons obtained from a patient with unilateral megalencephaly, a disorder associated with continued proliferation of immature neuronal cells. When differentiated in the presence of nerve growth factor, 1-isobutyl-3-methylxanthine, and dibutyryl adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate(More)
From a spina bifida clinic we have identified two patients with a syndrome of myelomeningocele and Waardenburg syndrome type 3 (WS3). The patients each possess a single, de novo, interstitial deletion of chromosome 2 (2q35-36.2), including the PAX3 gene. Deletion of PAX3 was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Analysis with PAX3 and(More)