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Amyloid fibrils are a major pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease as well as other amyloidoses including the prion diseases. They are an unusual phenomenon, being made up of different, normally soluble proteins which undergo a profound conformational change and assemble to form very stable, insoluble fibrils which accumulate in the extracellular(More)
The cellular receptor for the alpha/beta interferons contains at least two components that interact with interferon. The ifnar1 component is well characterized and a putative ifnar2 cDNA has recently been identified. We have cloned the gene for ifnar2 and show that it produces four different transcripts encoding three different polypeptides that are(More)
In addition to a role in response to insulin and insulin-like growth factors, insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) is phosphorylated in response to IL-4, the interferons (IFNs) and oncostatin M (OSM). Here mutant cell lines lacking JAK1, JAK2, or Tyk2 were used to determine the role(s) of the Janus kinase (JAK) family of protein-tyrosine kinases in IRS-1(More)
Recombinant human transforming growth factor soluble receptor Type II (rhTGF-beta sRII) corresponding to the 159 amino acid extracellular domain of hTGF-beta RII has been expressed in insect cells using the baculovirus expression system or in a mouse myeloma cell line. N-terminal sequence analysis of the purified protein revealed the removal of the 23 amino(More)
Exposure of cells to protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) inhibitors causes an increase in the phosphotyrosine content of many cellular proteins. However, the level at which the primary signaling event is affected is still unclear. We show that Jaks are activated by tyrosine phosphorylation in cells that are briefly exposed to the PTP inhibitor pervanadate(More)
We demonstrate here that Escherichia coli synthesizes two different glycinamide ribonucleotide (GAR) transformylases, both catalyzing the third step in the purine biosynthetic pathway. One is coded for by the previously described purN gene (GAR transformylase N), and a second, hitherto unknown, enzyme is encoded by the purT gene (GAR transformylase T).(More)
Adenylosuccinate synthetase (EC, encoded by the purA gene of Escherichia coli K12, catalyzes the synthesis of adenylosuccinate (SAMP) from IMP, the first committed step in AMP biosynthesis. The E. coli K12 purA gene and flanking DNA was cloned by miniMu-mediated transduction, and the nucleotide sequence was determined. The mature SAMP synthetase(More)