Jeffery J Lysiak

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We examined the localization of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in first-trimester and term human decidua and chorionic villi and explored the role of this factor on the proliferation and differentiation of cultured trophoblast cells. Two antibodies, 1D11.16.8, a mouse monoclonal neutralizing antibody capable of recognizing both TGF-beta 1 and(More)
We developed a method of propagating pure first trimester human trophoblast cells growing out of primary explants of mechanically derived chorionic villus fragments (Yagel et al, 1989; Graham et al, 1992). We have now extensively characterized these cells during their initial outgrowth and in long-term culture, employing a variety of markers and techniques(More)
Trophoblast growth and invasion of the uterus are tightly regulated by locally produced factors. Since insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II is produced by the invasive human extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cells and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP)-1 by the decidual cells in situ that are in proximity to each other, we examined the possible influence of these(More)
The study reported here was designed to examine the in situ distribution and characteristics of hemopoietically derived decidual cells during normal pregnancy in mice prenatally reconstituted with bone marrow cells carrying a transgenic marker. Bone marrow cells from a transgenic CD-1 strain (CD-1 beta; carrying 1000 copies of beta-globin genes in tandem)(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether S-nitrosylation of connexins (Cxs) modulates gap junction communication between endothelium and smooth muscle. METHODS AND RESULTS Heterocellular communication is essential for endothelium control of smooth muscle constriction; however, the exact mechanism governing this action remains unknown. Cxs and NO have been(More)
Transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) is an important growth regulatory molecule, the location and function of which at the human fetomaternal interface remain to be determined. The present study examined the presence of TGF alpha in the human placenta, decidua, and fetal membranes throughout gestation (from a total of 29 subjects) as well as its(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) produced at the human fetomaternal interface has been shown to play a crucial role in controlling trophoblast invasion of the uterus. Decorin, a naturally occurring chondroitin-dermatan sulphate proteoglycan which binds TGF beta can inhibit its activity. In this study, immunohistochemical techniques were used to(More)
Amphiregulin (AR) is a growth regulatory glycoprotein with significant amino acid homology to members of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family. Its effects are mediated via the EGF receptor tyrosine kinase or through specific nuclear targeting sequences. In this study, the localization of immunoreactive AR was examined in paraformaldehyde-glutaraldehyde(More)
We have previously shown that NK lineage cells migrate to the murine decidua of pregnancy; but with advancing gestation, they are progressively inactivated in situ by prostaglandins of the E series (PGE2) secreted by decidual cells and decidual macrophages. We have also shown that the same mechanism inactivates all killer lineage cells in the human decidua,(More)
The possible hemopoietic origin of certain precursors of uterine decidual cells appearing during normal murine pregnancy was investigated in semiallogeneic hemopoietic chimeras with retained or regained fertility. Chimeras were produced by three different methods in two donor-host combinations: F1 [BALB/c female x C3H/HeJ male] cells introduced into the(More)
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