Jeffery J Chalmers

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Pluronic F-68 (PF-68) is routinely used as a shear-protection additive in mammalian cell cultures. However, most previous studies of its shear protection mechanisms have typically been qualitative in nature and have not covered a wide range of PF-68 and cell concentrations. In this study, interactions between air bubbles along with the associated cell(More)
A combined predictive and feedback control algorithm based on measurements of the concentration of glucose on-line has been developed to control fed-batch fermentations of Escherichia coli. The predictive control algorithm was based on the on-line calculation of glucose demand by the culture and plotting a linear regression to the next datum point to obtain(More)
CONCLUSIONS While insect cells can be easily damaged in bioreactors as a result of hydrodynamic forces, it is also relatively easy to prevent this damage. Of several possible damage mechanisms, the best understood and preventable is the attachment of cells to gas-liquid interfaces and the subjection of these attached cells to the hydro-dynamic forces and/or(More)
In this paper, the second in the series, the use of a microscopic, high-speed video system to study the interactions of two suspended insect cells strains, Trichoplusia ni (TN-368) and Spodoptera frugiperda (SF-9), with rupturing bubbles is reported. Events such as the adsorption of cells onto the bubble film and the mechanism of bubble rupture were(More)
Ever since animal cells have been grown in-vitro, various techniques have been used to supply the cells with oxygen. The most simple and commonly used 'large-scale' technique to provide oxygen is through the introduction of gas bubbles. However, almost since the beginning of in-vitro cell culture, empirical observations have indicated that bubbles can be(More)
A predictive and feedback proportional control algorithm, developed for fed-batch fermentations and described in a companion paper (G. L. Kleman, J. J. Chalmers, G. W. Luli, and W. R. Strohl, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:910-917, 1991), was used in this work to control a continuous culture on the basis of the soluble-glucose concentration (called the(More)
The effects of temperature on strains of Escherichia coli which overproduce and excrete either beta-lactamase or human epidermal growth factor were investigated. E. coli RB791 cells containing plasmid pKN which has the tac promoter upstream of the gene for beta-lactamase were grown and induced with isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside in batch culture at(More)
Currently genetically engineered bacteria are economically attractive only for the production of high-value, low-volume-proteins. For this technology to be useful for the manufacture of high volume proteins new bioprocessing concepts are necessary. A potential approach is to construct a plasmid containing an inducible promoter and a hybrid gene containing a(More)
It is proposed that when cells are either attached to, or very near, a rupturing bubble, the hydrodynamic forces associated with the rupture are sufficient to kill the cells. Four types of experiments were conducted to quantify the number and location of these killed cells. We determined: (1) the number of cells killed as a result of a single, 3.5-mm bubble(More)
Three dimensional particle tracking velocimetry (3-D PTV) was used to characterize the flow fields in the impeller region of three microcarrier reactor vessels. Three typical cell culture bioreactors were chosen: 250 ml small-scale spinner vessels, 3 L bench-scale reactor, and 20 L medium-scale reactor. Conditions studied correspond to the actual operating(More)