Jeffery Connor

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The transbilayer movement of fluorescent and isotopically labeled analogs of phosphatidylserine (PS), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), and phosphatidylcholine (PC) from the outer to the inner leaflet (flip) and from the inner to the outer leaflet (flop) of human red blood cells (RBC) was examined. The inward movement of(More)
This study explored the use of interleukin 2 (IL-2) and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) gene-modified tumor cells as cellular vaccines for the treatment of bladder cancer. The mouse MBT-2 tumor used is an excellent model for human bladder cancer. This carcinogen-induced tumor of bladder origin resembles human bladder cancer in its etiology and histology, and(More)
Liposomes composed of either dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine and oleic acid (pH-sensitive) or dioleoylphosphatidylcholine and oleic acid (pH-insensitive) were injected into C3H and Balb/c mice in order to determine the tissue distribution of both the lipid and the aqueous content. The lipid component was monitored by use of [3H]cholestanyl ether and the(More)
Sonicated unilamellar liposomes containing phosphatidylethanolamine and palmitoylhomocysteine fuse rapidly when the medium pH is lowered from 7 to 5. Liposome fusion was demonstrated by (i) mixing of the liposomal lipids as shown by resonance energy transfer, (ii) gel filtration, and (iii) electron microscopy. The pH-sensitive fusion of liposomes was(More)
We determined whether the presence of phosphatidylserine (PS) in the outer membrane leaflet of human tumor cells correlated with their recognition by activated human monocytes. Three tumorigenic cell lines, A375 melanoma and A431 and Colo-16 carcinomas, and a normal human epidermal keratinocyte line (NHEK) were incubated with monocytes activated to the(More)
This report describes the application of a resonance energy transfer assay to determine the transbilayer distribution of 7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-yl (NBD)-labeled lipid analogues. The validity of this technique was established by determining the relationship between the distance of separation of lissamine rhodamine B labeled phosphatidylethanolamine(More)
A 31-32-kDa integral membrane protein has been previously identified in erythrocytes as the protein most likely to be responsible for the transbilayer movement of phosphatidylserine (PS) [Connor & Schroit (1988) Biochemistry 27, 848-851]. Using similar techniques, we have identified analogous proteins of identical molecular weights in bovine, equine, ovine,(More)
A series of labeled thiolation reagents were synthesized on the basis of the parent structure pyridyldithioethylamine (PDA). These compounds specifically and reversibly inhibit the active intrabilayer transport of phosphatidylserine (PS) in human red blood cells. The binding of PDA to cells can be quantified since the thiol-disulfide exchange reaction(More)