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A significant modification to the additive all-atom CHARMM lipid force field (FF) is developed and applied to phospholipid bilayers with both choline and ethanolamine containing head groups and with both saturated and unsaturated aliphatic chains. Motivated by the current CHARMM lipid FF (C27 and C27r) systematically yielding values of the surface area per(More)
The fully hydrated liquid crystalline phase of the dimyristoylphosphatidycholine lipid bilayer at 30 degrees C was simulated using molecular dynamics with the CHARMM potential for five surface areas per lipid (A) in the range 55-65 A(2) that brackets the previously determined experimental area 60.6 A(2). The results of these simulations are used to develop(More)
CHARMM-GUI Membrane Builder, http://www.charmm-gui.org/input/membrane, is a web-based user interface designed to interactively build all-atom protein/membrane or membrane-only systems for molecular dynamics simulations through an automated optimized process. In this work, we describe the new features and major improvements in Membrane Builder that allow(More)
The CHARMM-GUI Membrane Builder (http://www.charmm-gui.org/input/membrane), an intuitive, straightforward, web-based graphical user interface, was expanded to automate the building process of heterogeneous lipid bilayers, with or without a protein and with support for up to 32 different lipid types. The efficacy of these new features was tested by building(More)
Energies of 119 conformations of normal alkanes from butane to heptane were calculated at approximately the CCSD(T)/cc-pVQZ level. Energies of gauche (g) conformers relative to trans (t) decrease as chain length increases. In what is termed the "positive pentane effect", adjacent gauche conformers of the same sign are stabilized compared to nonadjacent(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine bilayers composed of 72 and 288 lipids are used to examine system size dependence on dynamical properties associated with the particle mesh Ewald (PME) treatment of electrostatic interactions. The lateral diffusion constant Dl is 2.92 x 10(-7) and 0.95 x 10(-7) cm2/s for 72 and 288(More)
The outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria is a unique asymmetric lipid bilayer composed of phospholipids (PLs) in the inner leaflet and lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) in the outer leaflet. Its function as a selective barrier is crucial for the survival of bacteria in many distinct environments, and it also renders Gram-negative bacteria more resistant to(More)
Proper treatment of nonbonded interactions is essential for the accuracy of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, especially in studies of lipid bilayers. The use of the CHARMM36 force field (C36 FF) in different MD simulation programs can result in disagreements with published simulations performed with CHARMM due to differences in the protocols used to(More)
Sterols have been shown experimentally to bind to the Osh4 protein (a homolog of the oxysterol binding proteins) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae within a binding tunnel, which consists of antiparallel beta-sheets that resemble a beta-barrel and three alpha-helices of the N-terminus. This and other Osh proteins are essential for intracellular transport of(More)
Although lipid force fields (FFs) used in molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have proved to be accurate, there has not been a systematic study on their accuracy over a range of temperatures. Motivated by the X-ray and neutron scattering measurements of common phosphatidylcholine (PC) bilayers (Kučerka et al. BBA. 1808: 2761, 2011), the CHARMM36 (C36) FF(More)