Jeffery A . Williams

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Digital-imaging microfluorimetry, together with microinjection of marker/messenger molecules, was utilized to investigate intercellular Ca2+ signaling in rat pancreatic acinar cells. Stimulation of acini with low concentrations of secretagogues [< 100 pM cholecystokinin (CCK), < 1 microM carbachol (CCh)] resulted in asynchronous but coordinated increases in(More)
BACKGROUND Brain stem tumors in children have been classified pathologically as low grade or high grade gliomas and descriptively as diffuse gliomas, intrinsic gliomas, midbrain tumors, tectal gliomas, pencil gliomas, dorsal exophytic brain stem tumors, pontine gliomas, focal medullary tumors, cervicomedullary tumors, focal gliomas, or cystic gliomas. (More)
Stimulation of rat pancreatic acinar cells with low concentrations of phosphatidylinositol (PI)-linked secretagogues induces [Ca2+]i oscillations, without measurable changes in the formation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. Therefore, we tested U73122 a new phospholipase C inhibitor to determine if PI turnover is necessary for the generation of [Ca2+]i(More)
Previous studies have suggested a role for glucocorticoids in the differentiation of the acinar pancreas. We have now used the rat tumor cell line AR42J, derived from the acinar pancreas, to directly study this effect of glucocorticoids in vitro. The steroid hormones dexamethasone, corticosterone, aldosterone, and progesterone, but not estrogen, increased(More)
Rab3 proteins are members of the family of Ras-like monomeric GTP-binding proteins that have been implicated in secretion in neuronal cells. Although an isoform of Rab3 has been assumed to exist in pancreatic acini, its identity has not yet been established. We now report that Rab3D is present in rat pancreatic acini and is localized to the zymogen granule(More)
The mechanisms underlying regulation of intracellular pH (pHi) by rat pancreatic duct cells were studied by use of the pH-sensitive, fluorescent, cytoplasmically trapped dye 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF). Cells exhibited a mean pHi of 7.18 +/- 0.14 in bicarbonate-buffered medium, as calculated from the BCECF fluorescence ratio.(More)
The effects of activating the Gq protein-coupled cholecystokinin (CCK) receptor on different proteins/signaling molecules in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade in pancreatic acinar cells were analyzed and compared with the effects of activating the tyrosine kinase-coupled epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor. Both EGF and CCK octapeptide(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) has recently been shown to activate the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade (Ras-Raf-MAPK kinase-MAPK) in pancreatic acini. The mechanism by which the Gq protein-coupled CCK receptor activates Ras, however, is currently unknown. Growth factor receptors are known to activate Ras by means of adaptor proteins that bind to(More)
Dual-specificity protein-tyrosine phosphatases (dsPTPases) have been implicated in the inactivation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). We have identified a novel phosphoserine/threonine/tyrosine-binding protein (STYX) that is related in amino acid sequence to dsPTPases, except for the substitution of Gly for Cys in the conserved dsPTPase(More)
Isolated pancreatic acini were prepared by a new method from mouse and rat pancreases by digestion with purified collagenase and chymotrypsin followed by mechanical shearing. Acini were structurally similar to those of the intact pancreas, having a normal luminal structure but with the basal acinar cell membranes exposed to the incubation medium. Amylase(More)