Jeffery A. Jones

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This fMRI study explores brain regions involved with perceptual enhancement afforded by observation of visual speech gesture information. Subjects passively identified words presented in the following conditions: audio-only, audiovisual, audio-only with noise, audiovisual with noise, and visual only. The brain may use concordant audio and visual information(More)
This experiment investigates neural processes underlying perceptual identification of the same phonemes for native- and second-language speakers. A model is proposed implicating the use of articulatory-auditory and articulatory-orosensory mappings to facilitate perceptual identification under conditions in which the phonetic contrast is ambiguous, as in the(More)
fMRI was used to assess the relationship between brain activation and the degree of audiovisual integration of speech information during a phoneme categorization task. Twelve subjects heard a speaker say the syllable /aba/ paired either with video of the speaker saying the same consonant or a different one (/ava/). In order to manipulate the degree of(More)
Perception of speech is improved when presentation of the audio signal is accompanied by concordant visual speech gesture information. This enhancement is most prevalent when the audio signal is degraded. One potential means by which the brain affords perceptual enhancement is thought to be through the integration of concordant information from multiple(More)
People naturally move their heads when they speak, and our study shows that this rhythmic head motion conveys linguistic information. Three-dimensional head and face motion and the acoustics of a talker producing Japanese sentences were recorded and analyzed. The head movement correlated strongly with the pitch (fundamental frequency) and amplitude of the(More)
Hearing one's own speech is important for language learning and maintenance of accurate articulation. For example, people with postlinguistically acquired deafness often show a gradual deterioration of many aspects of speech production. In this manuscript, data are presented that address the role played by acoustic feedback in the control of voice(More)
Modifying the vocal tract alters a speaker's previously learned acoustic-articulatory relationship. This study investigated the contribution of auditory feedback to the process of adapting to vocal-tract modifications. Subjects said the word /tas/ while wearing a dental prosthesis that extended the length of their maxillary incisor teeth. The prosthesis(More)
Little is known about the basic processes underlying the behavior of singing. This experiment was designed to examine differences in the representation of the mapping between fundamental frequency (F0) feedback and the vocal production system in singers and nonsingers. Auditory feedback regarding F0 was shifted down in frequency while participants sang the(More)
Integrating audiovisual cues for simple events is affected when sources are separated in space and time. By contrast, audiovisual perception of speech appears resilient when either spatial or temporal disparities exist. We investigated whether speech perception is sensitive to the combination of spatial and temporal inconsistencies. Participants heard the(More)
Auditory feedback during speech plays an important role in the control of articulation. The sound of a speaker’s voice is used to calibrate speaking volume and vocal pitch and also influences the precision of articulation. In two experiments, the speech feedback system is studied by exposing subjects to modified auditory feedback regarding their vocal(More)