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OBJECTIVE To determine whether phthalate exposure is associated with precocious puberty in girls. STUDY DESIGN This was a multicenter cross-sectional study in which 28 girls with central precocious puberty (CPP) and 28 age- and race-matched prepubertal females were enrolled. Nine phthalate metabolites and creatinine were measured in spot urine samples(More)
Obesity triggers a low-grade systemic inflammation, which plays an important role in the development of obesity-associated metabolic diseases. In searching for links between lipid accumulation and chronic inflammation, we examined invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells, a subset of T lymphocytes that react with lipids and regulate inflammatory responses.(More)
CONTEXT Ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY) are two hormones produced by the gastrointestinal tract that have effects on appetite. However, little is known about their secretion in response to meals high in individual macronutrients in prepubertal children. OBJECTIVE We sought to understand how meals high in carbohydrate, protein, and fat affect serum(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether normalization of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in children with acquired hypothyroidism is associated with a decrease in weight or body mass index (BMI). STUDY DESIGN We retrospectively identified 68 subjects with acquired hypothyroidism who were seen at least once in our center in follow-up between 1995 and 2006. (More)
Topoisomerase II is the cytotoxic target for a number of clinically relevant antineoplastic drugs. Despite the fact that these agents differ significantly in structure, a previous study [Corbett, A. H., Hong, D., & Osheroff, N. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 14394-14398] indicated that the site of action for etoposide on topoisomerase II overlaps those of other(More)
Amiodarone is an iodine-rich drug used to treat cardiac dysrhythmias. The structure of amiodarone resembles that of thyroxine, and treatment with amiodarone may alter thyroid function. The effects of antenatal amiodarone use on fetal/neonatal thyroid function have only been addressed in a limited number of patient reports. We describe two cases of transient(More)
Deletion analysis of the human growth hormone variant (GHV) promoter in transient transfection studies in BeWo choriocarcinoma and HepG2 cells indicated that the region extending from nt -158/+57 retained full transcriptional activity. DNase I footprint analysis of the fragment revealed a protected region at nt -82/-77, which is in a putative FOXF1/FOXF2(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY) are two gut hormones that have effects on appetite. Our objectives were to characterize the patterns of secretion of these hormones in response to feeding in school-age children and determine whether there were differences between normal weight (NW) and overweight (OW) subjects. METHODS AND PROCEDURES This was a(More)
CONTEXT Patients with pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a (PHP-1a) develop early-onset obesity. The abnormality in energy expenditure and/or energy intake responsible for this weight gain is unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate energy expenditure in children with PHP-1a compared with obese controls. PATIENTS We studied 6 obese females(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of adrenal insufficiency in infants with hemangiomas following treatment with systemic glucocorticoids (GCs). DESIGN Prospective study for 18 months. SETTING Hemangioma and vascular malformation center at a tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS Sixteen infants with hemangiomas had an adrenal axis evaluation(More)