Jefferson Castro Ayres

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The insecticide naled completed inhibition production of aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, and G2 by and growth of Aspergillus parasiticus at a 100-ppm (100 microgram/ml) concentration. The insecticides dichlorvos, Landrin, pyrethrum, Sevin, malathion, and Diazinon significantly (P = 0.05) inhibited production of aflatoxins at a 100-ppm concentration. However, at a(More)
Weiss, K. F. (Iowa State University, Ames), J. C. Ayres, and A. A. Kraft. Inhibitory action of selenite on Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris, and Salmonella thompson. J. Bacteriol. 90:857-862. 1965.-The resistance of three microorganisms, Escherichia coli (ISU-41), Proteus vulgaris (ISU-37c), and Salmonella thompson (ISU-86-2), to increasing concentrations(More)
Two strains of Aspergillus ochraceus and six of Penicillium viridicatum isolated from country cured hams were screened for production of ochratoxins A and B. None of the isolated P. viridicatum strains yielded detectable amounts of ochratoxin A or B, whereas both strains of A. ochraceus produced ochratoxins A and B on rice, defatted peanut meal, and country(More)
"Further-processed" turkey products, prepared from chilled, eviscerated, and thawed carcasses at two commercial turkey-processing plants, were evaluated, for the presence of salmonellae. These organisms were isolated from swab samples from 12% of chilled, eviscerated turkey carcasses, 27% of finished products, and 24% of processing equipment. The same(More)
The effect of initial pH on aflatoxin production by Aspergillus parasiticus NRRL 2999 was examined in a semisynthetic medium. Maximal growth, aflatoxin production, and aflatoxin production per unit of growth occurred at initial pH levels of 5.0, 6.0, and 7.0 respectively. Initial pH levels less than pH 6.0 favored production of the B toxins, whereas levels(More)
The sporicidal properties of hydrogen peroxide were evaluated at concentrations of 10 to 41% and at temperatures of 24 to 76 C. The organisms tested and their relative resistance at 24 C to 25.8% H(2)O(2) were: Bacillus subtilis SA 22 > B. subtilis var. globigii > B. coagulans > B. stearothermophilus > Clostridium sp. putrefactive anaerobe 3679 > S. aureus,(More)