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INTRODUCTION Pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment of brain syndrome is multifarious. Until now, plain external applications of physical stimuli, as used daily in geriatric care, were not explored regarding their influence on cognitive brain function. The aim of this randomized cross-over study was to examine the influence of dermatoreceptive(More)
BACKGROUND Patients undergoing mastectomy and prosthetic breast reconstruction have significant acute postsurgical pain, routinely mandating inpatient hospitalization. Liposomal bupivacaine (LB) (Exparel; Pacira Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Parsippany, N.J.) has been shown to be a safe and effective pain reliever in the immediate postoperative period and may be(More)
OBJECTIVE Plain external applications of physical stimuli, which are used quite commonly in geriatric care in Germany, have not been studied for their influence on cognitive brain function. The aim of this randomized crossover study was to examine the influence of dermatoreceptive stimuli on cognitive brain function in healthy geriatric volunteers. (More)
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