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To determine the significance of cytomegalovirus (CMV) pulmonary coinfection with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in AIDS, we examined the association of long- and short-term survival and morbidity (as defined by length of hospital stay) with recovery of CMV from bronchoscopy specimens and an indirect measure of virus titer in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(More)
Complexes of manganese, copper, cobalt, and iron with a variety of aminopolycarboxylates at concentrations from 2 X 10(-7) to 3 X 10(-6) M were tested for superoxide dismutase activity with horse ferricytochrome c as the competing reagent for superoxide. In the presence of excess ligand only manganous nitrilotriacetate and manganous ethylenediaminediacetate(More)
Although patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) might be expected to have more severe illness due to influenza virus infection than normal persons, the course of influenza in such patients has not been well delineated. We describe six consecutive HIV-infected patients at San Francisco General Hospital in whom influenza virus was isolated(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Most strains of herpes simplex virus that are resistant to acyclovir are susceptible in vitro to both foscarnet and vidarabine. We conducted a randomized trial to compare foscarnet with vidarabine in 14 patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and mucocutaneous herpetic lesions that had been unresponsive to(More)
The reaction between hydrogen peroxide and ferrous EDTA generates an oxidizing intermediate (I1) which is not the hydroxyl radical. It oxidizes ferrocytochrome c and also reacts with hydrogen peroxide (k5 = 3.2 X 10(3) M-1 S-1) to form a second oxidizing transient (I2). I1 is not scavenged by t-butyl alcohol whereas I2 is. I1 is found to be significantly(More)
The yield of 2,3- and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoates (dHB's) from the reaction of .OH radicals with salicylate (SA) ions has been measured as a function of pH and in the presence of oxidants. Under steady-state radiolysis conditions, the production of these products occurs via the reactions .OH + SA----HO-SA. (radical adduct) HO-SA. H+.OH+----2-carboxyphenoxyl(More)
The hydroxylation of phenylalanine by the Fenton reaction and gamma-radiolysis yields 2-hydroxy-, 3-hydroxy-, and 4-hydroxyphenylalanine (tyrosine), while the hydroxylation of tyrosine results in 2,3- and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (dopa). Yields are determined as a function of pH and the presence or absence of oxidants. During gamma-radiolysis and the(More)
Potassium ferrate, K2FeO4, is found to oxidize phenol in aqueous solution (5.5 < or = pH < or = 10) by a process which is second order in both reactants; -d[FeVI]/dt=k1[FeVI][phenol], k1 = 10(7)M-1s-1. Product analysis by HPLC showed a mixture of hydroxylated products, principally paraquinone, and biphenols that indicate that oxidation of phenol occurs by(More)