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Rhizobium leguminosarum GF160 required iron for growth under aerobic conditions in a chemically defined medium. Maximal growth of bacteria previously depleted in iron was obtained with approximately 50 microM unchelated ferric iron and with glucose as the only carbon source. Growth under iron deficiency did not result in the production of detectable levels(More)
Two endoxylanases produced by C. acetobutylicum ATCC 824 were purified to homogeneity by column chromatography. Xylanase A, which has a molecular weight of 65,000, hydrolyzed larchwood xylan randomly, yielding xylohexaose, xylopentaose, xylotetraose, xylotriose, and xylobiose as end products. Xylanase B, which has a molecular weight of 29,000, also(More)
Changes in serum electrolytes, osmolality, total proteins and protein fractions, lipid levels and organ function tests were determined in neonatal and 6-month-old calves infected with T. congolense TREU 112 and control calves. There were no consistent changes in electrolytes or osmolality for either age group of calves. There was a decrease in total serum(More)
A highly sensitive spectrophotometric method for the selective detection of catechol compounds such as catechol siderophores (e.g., enterobactin) is described. The basis of the method involves the ability of the vicinal aromatic hydroxyl groups under acidic conditions to bring about a reduction of Fe3+ (from ferric ammonium citrate) to Fe2+. Detection of(More)
Anthranilate promoted the uptake of ferric iron into iron-starved cells of Rhizobium leguminosarum GF160. The uptake system was a saturable function of the concentration of ferric anthranilate. It was characterized by an apparent Km of 6 microM and a Vmax of 1.6 nmol/min/mg cell protein. Uptake was temperature dependent and inhibited by the metabolic(More)