Jeff O Brubaker

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We describe a method for long-term culture of primary small intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) from suckling mice. IEC were digested from intestinal fragments as small intact units of epithelium (organoids) by using collagenase and dispase. IEC proliferated from organoids on a basement-membrane-coated culture surface and remained viable for 3 weeks. Cultured(More)
Intramuscular injection of an adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector has resulted in vector dose-dependent, stable expression of canine factor IX (cF.IX) in hemophilia B dogs with an F.IX missense mutation (Herzog et al., Nat. Med. 1999;5:56-63). The use of a species-specific transgene allowed us to study risks and characteristics of antibody formation against(More)
The activation, proliferation, and antiviral properties of natural killer (NK) cells were examined in severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice to determine the influence of mature T or B cells on virus-induced NK cell functions and to more conclusively determine the antiviral properties of prototypical CD3- NK cells. NK cells were activated to high(More)
Previous studies have suggested that sera from animals immunized with whole Streptococcus mutans cells may cross-react with human and monkey heart sarcolemmal tissues. In the present study, sera and saliva from rats and rabbits immunized peripherally with ribosomal preparations from S. mutans 6715 (serotype g) or GS-5 (serotype c) were examined for their(More)
A monoclonal antibody (NK 1.1) to mouse natural killer (NK) cells selectively depleted NK cell activity in virus-infected mice without significantly depressing other immune functions, including the development of virus-specific cytotoxic T cells. NK cell depletion with this antibody resulted in markedly enhanced plaque-forming unit titers of some (murine(More)
The immunogenic properties of a replication-defective herpes simplex virus HD-2, containing the Escherichia coli lacZ gene under control of the HSV ICP8 early gene promoter were studied in BALB/c mice. Experiments were designed to determine if the HD-2 virus preferentially stimulated either Th1- or Th2-associated immune responses to beta-galactosidase (beta(More)
Bacteroides fragilis, a Gram-negative colonic bacterium, induces the formation of abscesses associated with intra-abdominal sepsis in humans. The singular ability of this organism to modulate abscess formation in experimental rodent models resides in the structurally distinct and ionically charged capsular polysaccharides A (PS A) and B (PS B). The(More)
A 4-h in vivo cytotoxicity assay was used to study the fate of implanted IL-2-generated, lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells in mice undergoing an activated NK cell response. 125Iododeoxyuridine-labeled LAK cells were rejected from selected organs of C57BL/6 mice infected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus or treated with IL-2 or the IFN inducer(More)
Parenterally administered immunizations have long been used to induce protection from mucosal pathogens such as Bordetella pertussis and influenza virus. We previously found that i.m. inoculation of mice with the intestinal pathogen, rotavirus, induced virus-specific Ab production by intestinal lymphocytes. We have now used adoptive transfer studies to(More)
Initially thought to be functionally redundant with IL-4 as a predominant anti-inflammatory factor secreted during type-2 T-cell responses, IL-13 possesses a number of additional properties that distinguish it from IL-4 in addition to having both anti-inflammatory and immune activating properties. This review centers primarily on the role of IL-13 in the(More)