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Protein farnesyltransferase (FTase) is a zinc metalloenzyme that performs a post-translational modification on many proteins that is critical for their function. The importance of cysteine residues in FTase activity was investigated using cysteine-specific reagents. Zinc-depleted FTase (apo-FTase), but not the holoenzyme, was completely inactivated by(More)
We have previously shown that isoprenylation and/or additional post-translational processing of the G protein gamma 1 subunit carboxyl terminus is required for beta 1 gamma 1 subunit stimulation of phospholipase C-beta 2 (PLC beta 2) [Dietrich, A., Meister, M., Brazil, D., Camps, M., & Gierschik, P. (1994) Eur. J. Biochem. 219, 171-178]. To examine whether(More)
Protein farnesyltransferase (FTase) catalyzes the carboxyl-terminal lipidation of Ras and several other cellular signal transduction proteins. The essential nature of this modification for proper function of these proteins has led to the emergence of FTase as a target for the development of new anticancer therapy. Inhibition of this enzyme suppresses the(More)
Protein farnesyltransferase (FTase) catalyzes the prenylation of Ras and several other key proteins involved in cell regulation. The mechanism of the FTase reaction was elucidated by pre-steady-state and steady-state kinetic analysis. FTase catalyzed the farnesylation of biotinylated peptide substrate (BiopepSH) by farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) to an(More)
An enzyme capable of specifically modifying, with a geranylgeranyl isoprenoid, candidate proteins containing a consensus prenylation sequence ending in leucine has been purified from bovine brain. This protein geranylgeranyltransferase (PGGT), isolated using affinity chromatography on an immobilized peptide column, contains two subunits with molecular(More)
G proteins are heterotrimeric membrane-associated proteins that couple a large number of receptors to a variety of effector systems within the cell. Characterization of G proteins expressed in a particular cell type represents an important first step in defining the potential candidates to which a receptor might couple. A difficulty often encountered using(More)
Plasmids expressing partial adenovirus early region 1A (E1A) coding sequences were tested for activities which facilitate in vitro establishment (immortalization) of primary baby rat kidney cells and which enable the T24 Harvey ras-related oncogene and the polyomavirus middle T antigen (pmt) gene to transform primary baby rat kidney cells. E1A cDNAs(More)
The prenylation of several proteins involved in oncogenesis and signal transduction plays an essential role in regulating their biological activities. Two distinct isoprenoids are known to be involved in this modification, the 15-carbon farnesyl and 20-carbon geranylgeranyl groups. Thus far, identified farnesylated proteins contain methionine or serine at(More)
The mammalian enzyme protein farnesyltransferase is a heterodimeric protein that catalyzes the addition of a farnesyl isoprenoid to a cysteine in ras proteins. Since oncogenic forms of ras proteins require the farnesyl group for transforming activity, the structure and mechanism of this enzyme are important to define. However, such studies have been(More)
HomeNetToo is a longitudinal field study designed to examine the antecedents and consequences of home Internet use in low-income families. Participants included 140 children, mostly 13-year-old African American (83%) boys (58%), living in single-parent households (75%) where the median annual income was $15,000 (USD). This report focuses on children's(More)