Jeff M. Milunsky

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BACKGROUND Little is known about the genetics of nonsyndromic intellectual disability (NSID). Recently, we reported de novo truncating mutations in the SYNGAP1 gene of 3 of 94 NSID cases, suggesting that its disruption represents a common cause of autosomal dominant NSID. METHODS To further explore the involvement of SYNGAP1 in NSID, we sequenced its(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple lines of evidence indicate a strong genetic contribution to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Current guidelines for clinical genetic testing recommend a G-banded karyotype to detect chromosomal abnormalities and fragile X DNA testing, but guidelines for chromosomal microarray analysis have not been established. PATIENTS AND METHODS A(More)
Neuroligins (NLs) are postsynaptic cell-adhesion molecules essential for normal synapse function. Mutations in neuroligin-4 (NL4) (gene symbol: NLGN4) have been reported in some patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other neurodevelopmental impairments. However, the low frequency of NL4 mutations and the limited information about the affected(More)
Branchio-oculo-facial syndrome (BOFS) is a rare autosomal-dominant cleft palate-craniofacial disorder with variable expressivity. The major features include cutaneous anomalies (cervical, infra- and/or supra-auricular defects, often with dermal thymus), ocular anomalies, characteristic facial appearance (malformed pinnae, oral clefts), and, less commonly,(More)
Familial paragangliomas (PGL) are slow-growing, highly vascular, generally benign neoplasms, usually of the head and neck, that arise from neural crest cells. This rare autosomal dominant disorder is highly penetrant and influenced by genomic imprinting through paternal transmission. Timely detection of these tumors may afford the affected individual the(More)
BACKGROUND Limited mutation analysis for congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) has revealed only a minority of men in whom two distinct mutations were detected. We aimed to determine whether a more extensive mutation analysis would be of benefit in genetic counselling and prenatal diagnosis. METHODS We studied a cohort of 92 men with(More)
Here, we report the neuroimaging findings and neurological changes in 17 unpublished patients with Macrocephaly-Capillary Malformation (M-CM). This syndrome has been traditionally known as Macrocephaly-Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita (M-CMTC), but we explain why M-CM is a more accurate term for this overgrowth syndrome. We analyzed the 17 patients(More)
Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a multiple congenital anomalies/mental retardation syndrome that heretofore has had an unknown etiology. Although several cases with KS features have been reported with different chromosome anomalies, none have had an autosomal cytogenetic aberration in common. We found an 8p22-8p23.1 duplication, using comparative genomic(More)
Epilepsy and Mental Retardation Limited to Females (EFMR) [OMIM 300088] was first described in 1971 [Juberg and Hellman, 1971] in 15 related females with early onset grand mal seizures and mental retardation. Although EFMR demonstrates X-linked inheritance, it follows an unusual pattern by sparing transmitting males and affecting only heterozygous females.(More)