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Drosophila melanogaster has proven to be a useful model system for the genetic analysis of ethanol-associated behaviors. However, past studies have focused on the response of the adult fly to large, and often sedating, doses of ethanol. The pharmacological effects of low and moderate quantities of ethanol have remained understudied. In this study, we tested(More)
Using Drosophila melanogaster larvae we asked whether distinct aversive stimuli have a common neu-ral representation during associative learning. We tested the interchangeability of heat shock and elec-troshock punishments when used within a single olfac-tory associative conditioning experiment. We find that compared to animals trained with the repetitive(More)
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