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The effect of adenosine A(2) receptor agonist 2-[p-(2-carboxyethyl)phenylethylamino]-5'-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (CGS 21680) and antagonist 3,7-dimethyl-1-propargylxanthine (DMPX) on [1-(13)C]glucose and [1,2-(13)C]acetate metabolism was studied in rats by (13)C magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy and HPLC. In the cortex a significant reduction was(More)
INTRODUCTION Afterbirth tissues, which include the umbilical cord, placenta, amnion, and cord blood, are usually discarded. Recent progress in regenerative medicine suggests that we re-evaluate these tissues and assess their therapeutic potential. METHODS Firstly the unique properties of afterbirth tissues and their current use in regenerative medicine(More)
The Millennium Development Goals reflect the world's collective hope and resolve to reverse a particularly pernicious, pervasive, and persistent set of problems in much of the world: high rates of diarrhea (the number one killer of small children), insufficient water and sanitation, and seemingly unsafe and myopic behaviors. Environmental health policies(More)
Demography and Economics of Health and Aging (P30 AG 17253) for financial support. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research. At least one co-author has disclosed a financial relationship of potential relevance for this research. NBER working papers are circulated(More)
There have been many attempts to infer latent performance attributes of governments (or other institutions) from conditional comparisons that control for observed variables. Success in doing so could greatly improve government performance. This paper critically reviews the econometric foundations of the methods used. It is argued that latent heterogeneity(More)
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