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BACKGROUND Alcoholic patients show prominent disturbances of sleep electroencephalograms (EEGs) with a marked loss of slow wave sleep that is even more profound in African American alcoholics as compared to European Americans. Using partial sleep deprivation, this study examined the extent to which abnormal sleep is reversible in alcoholic subjects. (More)
Animal studies reveal that cytokines play a key role in the regulation of sleep. Alcoholic patients show profound alterations of sleep and a defect in the homeostatic recovery of sleep following sleep loss. In this study, we investigated whether nocturnal plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) were associated with(More)
OBJECTIVE Alcoholics who are at risk for infectious disease show profound disturbances of sleep along with decrements of cellular immunity. This study examined the relationships between sleep, nocturnal expression of immunoregulatory cytokines, and natural killer (NK) cell activity in alcoholic patients as compared with control subjects. METHODS Alcoholic(More)
Sleep is hypothesized to have a role in the regulation of the immune system. This study evaluated the nocturnal expression of cellular adhesion molecules, Mac-1 and L-selectin on monocytes and lymphocytes during a full nights sleep and following a partial night of sleep deprivation (PSD). Healthy male subjects (n=16) had an increase in the percentage of(More)
BACKGROUND Basic studies indicate that in vitro and in vivo doses of leptin modulate cellular immune responses. Given evidence that concentrations of leptin are altered in alcoholics who also show immune abnormalities, this study examined the relationships between circulating levels of leptin and markers of cellular and innate immunity. METHODS(More)
We examined whether the impact of medical interpretation services was associated with the receipt of a mammogram, clinical breast exam, and Pap smear. We conducted a large cross-sectional study involving four Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) communities with high proportions of individuals with limited English proficiency (LEP). Participants were(More)
Asian American Pacific Islander (AAPI) groups have low rates of breast and cervical cancer screening. This study examined knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs (KABs) regarding breast and cervical cancer on AAPI women. A cross-sectional survey of 1,808 AAPI women was included. Descriptive statistics and chi-square tests were provided and 55.3%, 68.6%, and 71.9%(More)
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