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Researchers have developed a number of statistical techniques to control for the effect of CMV in mono-method research designs. 1 Two techniques that have been frequently employed in IS research are the Harman single-factor test and the marker variable technique (see, for example, Jarvenpaa and Majchrzak 2008; Pavlou et al. 2007). The Harman single-factor(More)
The marker variable technique offers a practical and easy method to address the validity threat on account of common method variance to the findings of individual studies. However, the validity of the marker variable technique has not been established. This paper examines the validity threat to the marker variable technique arising from multiple criteria(More)
Fibrotic diseases such as scleroderma, severe chronic asthma, pulmonary fibrosis, and cardiac fibrosis kill tens of thousands of people each year in the U.S. alone. Growing evidence suggests that in fibrotic lesions, a subset of blood monocytes enters the tissue and differentiates into fibroblast-like cells called fibrocytes, causing tissue dysfunction. We(More)
Acknowledgements The primary documents and sources reviewed for this report are located at the California secondary sources are located in the California State Library and University of California library collections. Many people that work in these special collections and archives shared their knowledge, expertise and extended assistance in locating(More)
Attachment of HeLa cells to gelatin induces the release of arachidonic acid (AA), which is essential for cell spreading. HeLa cells spreading in the presence of extracellular Ca2+ released more AA and formed more distinctive lamellipodia and filopodia than cells spreading in the absence of Ca2+. Addition of exogenous AA to cells spreading in the absence of(More)
Although the concept of role is considered an important modeling construct in information systems analysis and design, no generally accepted, clear, well-formalized interpretation and guidelines to model it are available. In this paper we use concepts from a philosophical ontology to guide us in interpreting the concept of role. Specifically we chose two(More)
A number of potential biases have been identified that may contribute a spurious component to the observed correlation between variables. One such potential bias is the manner in which items are worded. This paper presents a technique and a program of research to estimate the magnitude of method bias arising from item wording. We hypothesize that the(More)