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The purpose of this study was to measure the ankle joint contact area under physiological load magnitudes using a stereophotography technique that allows accurate analysis of the entire joint surface without disrupting the joint during loading. Ten cadaveric foot and ankle specimens were loaded to 1000 N in neutral, and 20 degrees dorsiflexion, supination,(More)
To serve as tools for assessing injury risk, the biofidelity of whole-body pedestrian impact dummies should be validated against reference data from full-scale pedestrian impact tests. To facilitate such evaluations, a simplified generic vehicle-buck has been recently developed that is designed to have characteristics representative of a generic small(More)
This article presents a series of 49 km/h sled tests using the Hybrid III 6-year-old dummy in a high-back booster, a low-back booster, and a three-point belt. Although a 10-year review at a level I trauma center showed that noncontact cervical spine injuries are rare in correctly restrained booster-age children, dummy neck loads exceeded published injury(More)
Papers 2. Comparison of different methods of heart rate entropy analysis during acute anoxia superimposed on a chronic rat model of pulmonary hypertension Original Research Article Pages 559-568 3. Biomechanical consideration of total hip arthroplasty following failed fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fractures – A finite element analysis Original(More)
The accuracy of the surface extraction of magnetic resonance images of highly congruent joints with thin articular cartilage layers has a significant effect on the percentage errors and reproducibility of quantitative measurements (e.g., thickness and volume) of the articular cartilage. Traditional techniques such as gradient-based edge detection are not(More)
Clavicle fractures are common injuries in three-point belt restrained occupants involved in frontal and lateral car collisions. Therefore, better understanding of clavicle loading which occurs during an impact and clavicle structural/material properties could help in the optimization of seatbelt restraint systems. Six clavicles from three post mortem human(More)
Ankle cartilage surface segmentation is a prestep to compute the cartilage thickness which is used to evaluate the treatment of ankle joint diseases. Because of the un-ideal imaging condition, the acquired ankle images are often noised and the cartilage parts in the images are often disconnected, thus traditional techniques such as gradient-based edge(More)
This study evaluated the response of restrained post-mortem human subjects (PMHS) in 40 km/h frontal sled tests. Eight male PMHS were restrained on a rigid planar seat by a custom 3-point shoulder and lap belt. A video motion tracking system measured three-dimensional trajectories of multiple skeletal sites on the torso allowing quantification of ribcage(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the hard tissue injury-predictive value of various thoracic injury criteria when the restraint conditions are varied. Ten right-front passenger human cadaver sled tests are presented, all of which were performed at 48 km/h with nominally identical sled deceleration pulses. Restraint conditions evaluated are 1)(More)