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Reduction of the nonspecific serum protein adsorption on a gold surface to levels low enough to allow the detection of biomarkers in complex media has been achieved using the N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) ester of 16-mercaptohexadecanoic acid. Carboxymethylated dextran (CM dextran), which is widely used, nonspecifically adsorbs enough proteins to mask the(More)
Although alcohol has been shown to affect brain development adversely, the underlying mechanism of alcohol's actions are poorly understood. The present study addressed the hypothesis that alcohol affects growth factor availability during critical periods of neural growth by measuring the mRNA expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a potent(More)
A reversed-phase ion-pair HPLC method for separating hyaluronic acid oligomers, using a polymeric C18 column at alkaline pH, is described. As the concentration of the ion-pairing agent tetrabutylammonium hydroxide increased, over the range of 0.01 to 0.06M, the capacity factors (k') of tetra- to dodecasaccharide decreased. The change in k', for each(More)
Bovine testicular hyaluronidase exhibits hydrolase and transglycosylase activity. To assess the magnitude of each type of reaction, the time-course of hyaluronidase catalysed hyaluronic acid degradation was followed using a sensitive and specific HPLC method. The kinetic parameters Km and Vmax were calculated for purified short chain hyaluronic acid(More)
Lipid bilayer permeation coefficients for the neutral maleic acid molecule and the maleate monoanion have been determined by proton magnetic resonance techniques. Phosphatiydylcholine-cholesterol (2:1) unilamellar vesicles were prepared having an initial maleate anion concentration gradient stabilized by coupling to an impermeant potassium counterion. The(More)
We describe the use of liposomes as a delivery system for radiopharmaceutical localization. Liposomes [99mTc-DTPA] were injected intravenously in mice and showed preferential uptake in the liver and spleen. There was a steady decline of activity in all organs, suggestive of destruction of liposomes with subsequent release of 99mTc-DTPA into the circulation.(More)
Serotonin acts through receptors controlling several physiological functions, including energy homeostasis regulation and food intake. Recent experiments demonstrated that 5-HT1A receptor antagonists reduce food intake. We sought to examine the microstructure of feeding with 5-HT1A receptor antagonists using a food intake monitoring system. We also examined(More)