Learn More
Many deep neural networks trained on natural images exhibit a curious phenomenon in common: on the first layer they learn features similar to Gabor filters and color blobs. Such first-layer features appear not to be specific to a particular dataset or task, but general in that they are applicable to many datasets and tasks. Features must eventually(More)
Deep neural networks (DNNs) have recently been achieving state-of-the-art performance on a variety of pattern-recognition tasks, most notably visual classification problems. Given that DNNs are now able to classify objects in images with near-human-level performance, questions naturally arise as to what differences remain between computer and human vision.(More)
Recent years have produced great advances in training large, deep neural networks (DNNs), including notable successes in training convolutional neural networks (convnets) to recognize natural images. However, our understanding of how these models work, especially what computations they perform at intermediate layers, has lagged behind. Progress in the field(More)
A central biological question is how natural organisms are so evolvable (capable of quickly adapting to new environments). A key driver of evolvability is the widespread modularity of biological networks--their organization as functional, sparsely connected subunits--but there is no consensus regarding why modularity itself evolved. Although most hypotheses(More)
Legged robots show promise for complex mobility tasks, such as navigating rough terrain, but the design of their control software is both challenging and laborious. Traditional evolutionary algorithms can produce these controllers, but require manual decomposition or other problem simplification because conventionally-used direct encodings have trouble(More)
In 1994, Karl Sims' evolved virtual creatures showed the potential of evolutionary algorithms to produce natural, complex morphologies and behaviors [30]. One might assume that nearly 20 years of improvements in computational speed and evolutionary algorithms would produce far more impressive organisms, yet the creatures evolved in the field of artificial(More)
Robots have transformed many industries, most notably manufacturing, and have the power to deliver tremendous benefits to society, such as in search and rescue, disaster response, health care and transportation. They are also invaluable tools for scientific exploration in environments inaccessible to humans, from distant planets to deep oceans. A major(More)
Mutations are required for adaptation, yet most mutations with phenotypic effects are deleterious. As a consequence, the mutation rate that maximizes adaptation will be some intermediate value. This abstract summarizes a previous publication in which we used Avida, a well-studied artificial life platform, to investigate the ability of natural selection to(More)
Creating gaits for legged robots is an important task to enable robots to access rugged terrain, yet designing such gaits by hand is a challenging and time-consuming process. In this paper we investigate various algorithms for automating the creation of quadruped gaits. Because many robots do not have accurate simulators, we test gait-learning algorithms(More)