Learn More
There is a need to develop sensors for real-time monitoring of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and hydrocarbon gases in both external and indoor environments, since these compounds are of growing concern in human health and welfare. Current measurement technology for VOCs requires sophisticated equipment and lacks the prospect for rapid real-time(More)
A glucose sensor comprising a reflection hologram incorporated into a thin, acrylamide hydrogel film bearing the cis-diol binding ligand, 3-acrylamidophenylboronic acid (3-APB), is described. The diffraction wavelength (color) of the hologram changes as the polymer swells upon binding cis-diols. The effect of various concentrations of glucose, a variety of(More)
Holographic sensors for monitoring H+ (pH) have been fabricated from ionizable monomers incorporated into thin, polymeric, hydrogel films which were transformed into volume holograms using a diffusion method coupled with holographic recording, using a frequency doubled Nd:YAG laser (532 nm). Unlike other optical pH sensors, it is possible to tailor the(More)
The synthesis of a terminally thiolated poly(vinyl)alcohol (PVA) grafted with Poly (acrylic acid) (PAA) side chains is described. The PVA-PAA graft polymer (PVAg) was end-tethered to silver surfaces via the terminal thiol functionality and the resultant mobile, hydrophilic polymer matrix exploited for the covalent immobilization of large quantities of(More)
A novel holographic sensor system capable of detecting dynamic changes in glucose concentration has been developed. The hologram is recorded within a bio-compatible hydrogel matrix containing phenylboronic acid derivatives. On binding glucose, the colour of the hologram red-shifts to longer wavelengths as the hydrogel expands and this colour change is used(More)
Glucose-selective holographic sensors were fabricated from unique tetrahedral 2-acrylamidophenylboronic acid (2-APB) incorporated with co-monomers poly(ethylene glycol) acrylate (PEG), (3-acrylamidopropyl)trimethylammonium chloride (ATMA) and [2-(acryloyloxy)ethyl]-trimethylammonium chloride (AETA) into thin hydrogel films which were transformed into volume(More)
Holographic displays are used for applications in data storage, light trapping, security, sensing, and optical devices. Currently available fabrication techniques for holography remain expertise-dependent, costly, and time-consuming, limiting the widespread personalized use of holograms. The development of efficient and low-cost techniques for the rapid(More)
Holographic sensors for monitoring glucose were fabricated from hydrogel films containing chemical ligands based on phenylboronic acid. The films were transformed into reflection holograms using a diffusion method coupled with exposure to laser light. The diffraction wavelength of the holograms was used to monitor the swelling of the hydrogel film in the(More)
Tetramethylguanidine (TMG) used as the electron donor in conjunction with methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin (MBDCG) can produce bright reflection holograms recorded at 633 nm at an exposure level of 50 mJ/cm(2). Thus DCG hologram recording and some independence from suppliers of proprietary holographic recording materials is now open to all(More)
Holographic sensors for the detection of Bacillus species spore germination and vegetative growth are described. Reflection holograms were fabricated using a diffusion method for the distribution of ultra-fine silver bromide grains into pre-formed polymer films, followed by holographic recording using a frequency doubled Nd:YAG (532 nm) laser. Changes in(More)