Jeevan Nagendran

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Circadian dyssynchrony of an organism (at the whole-body level) with its environment, either through light-dark (LD) cycle or genetic manipulation of clock genes, augments various cardiometabolic diseases. The cardiomyocyte circadian clock has recently been shown to influence multiple myocardial processes, ranging from transcriptional regulation and energy(More)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of exercise on cancer progression, metastasis, and underlying mechanisms in an orthotopic model of murine prostate cancer. C57BL/6 male mice (6-8 wk of age) were orthotopically injected with transgenic adenocarcinoma of mouse prostate C-1 cells (5 × 10(5)) and randomly assigned to exercise (n = 28) or(More)
OBJECTIVES Cryopreserved valve allografts used in congenital cardiac surgery are associated with a significant cellular and humoral immune response. This might be reduced by removal of antigenic cellular elements (decellularization). The aim of this study was to determine the immunologic effect of decellularization in a rat allograft valve model. METHODS(More)
AIMS Impaired energy metabolism has been implicated in the pathogenesis of heart failure. Hyperpolarized (13)C magnetic resonance (MR), in which (13)C-labelled metabolites are followed using MR imaging (MRI) or spectroscopy (MRS), has enabled non-invasive assessment of pyruvate metabolism. We investigated the hypothesis that if we serially examined a model(More)
All mammalian cells rely on adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to maintain function and for survival. The heart has the highest basal ATP demand of any organ due to the necessity for continuous contraction. As such, the ability of the cardiomyocyte to monitor cellular energy status and adapt the supply of substrates to match the energy demand is crucial. One(More)
Although diabetic cardiomyopathy is associated with enhanced intramyocardial triacylglycerol (TAG) levels, the role of TAG catabolizing enzymes in this process is unclear. Because the TAG hydrolase, adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), regulates baseline cardiac metabolism and function, we examined whether alterations in cardiomyocyte ATGL impact cardiac(More)
The mechanisms responsible for how resveratrol inhibits pathological left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) but not physiological LVH have not been elucidated. Herein, we show that in rat cardiomyocytes, lower concentrations of resveratrol (0.1 and 1 μM) are efficient at selectively inhibiting important regulators involved in pathological LVH (such as nuclear(More)
RATIONALE The energy sensor AMP-activated protein kinases (AMPK) is thought to play an important role in regulating myocardial fatty acid oxidation (FAO) via its phosphorylation and inactivation of acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC). However, studies supporting this have not directly assessed whether the maintenance of FAO rates and subsequent cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND There is a known association between a depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF < 0.35) and increased mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operations. Recent studies show that elevated preoperative LV end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) is an independent predictor of operative death for patients undergoing(More)
BACKGROUND In neonates, the increase in O(2)-delivery (DO(2)) by dopamine is offset by a greater increase in O(2)-consumption (VO(2)). This has been attributed to β(3)-adrenergic receptors in neonatal brown fat tissue. β(3) receptors in the heart have negative inotropic properties. We evaluated the effects of SR59230A, a β(3)-antagonist, on the balance of(More)
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