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A close relationship between inflammation and colon cancer has been widely accepted, and interleukin (IL)-17A plays an important role in controlling colonic inflammation. However, the role of IL-17A has not yet been validated in colitis-associated cancer (CAC). This study aims to identify the effects of IL-17A in tumorigenesis utilizing IL-17A-deficient(More)
Although the arthritis symptoms observed in the K/BxN model have been shown to be dependent on the functions of T and B cells specific to the self antigen glucose-6-phosphate isomerase, less is known about the in vivo roles of CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T (T(reg)) cells in the pathology of K/BxN mice. We determined the quantitative and functional(More)
Exposure to environmental toxicants can alter a variety of cellular functions that are critical to immune function. Cellular responses to these changes include increased synthesis of a number of stress proteins, some of which have been shown to have immunomodulatory capacity. One of these stress proteins, metallothionein (MT) is a low molecular weight,(More)
OBJECTIVE Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), a biodegradable polymer, is a carrier for drug delivery systems. This study was undertaken to investigate the tolerogenic effect of single administration of PLGA entrapping type II collagen (CII) on the development of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). METHODS The biophysical properties of PLGA nanoparticles(More)
BACKGROUND CD4(+)Fop3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) are needed to maintain peripheral tolerance, but their role in the development of autoimmune arthritis is still debated. The present study was undertaken to investigate the mechanism by which Tregs influence autoimmune arthritis, using a mouse model entitled K/BxN. METHODS We generated Treg-deficient(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone destruction is a critical pathology involved in the functional disability caused by rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Osteoclasts, which are specialized bone-resorbing cells regulated by cytokines such as RANKL, are implicated in bone destruction in RA. The aim of this study was to determine whether interleukin-21 (IL-21), a potent immunomodulatory(More)
Extracellular metallothionein (Zn,Cd-MT) has previously been shown to be a potent inducer of lymphocyte proliferation and to synergize with polyclonal activators in proliferation assays. In this report, the effects of metallothionein on the development of humoral responsiveness are examined. In vivo, the specific anti-ovalbumin (OVA) IgG response was(More)
Metallothionein (MT) is a thiol-rich protein that is rapidly induced by exposure to heavy metal cations. We have previously demonstrated that exogenous MT stimulates murine splenocytes to proliferate, but inhibits humoral responses to antigen. These observations suggest that metallothionein released from cells has a complex role in heavy metal-mediated(More)
Metallothionein is a low molecular weight, cysteine-rich, stress response protein that can act as an antioxidant and as an immunosuppressive agent in instances of antigen-dependent adaptive immunity. In this context, we assessed the therapeutic potential and mechanisms of action of metallothionein in a collagen-induced arthritis model. Repeated(More)