Learn More
A close relationship between inflammation and colon cancer has been widely accepted, and interleukin (IL)-17A plays an important role in controlling colonic inflammation. However, the role of IL-17A has not yet been validated in colitis-associated cancer (CAC). This study aims to identify the effects of IL-17A in tumorigenesis utilizing IL-17A-deficient(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone destruction is a critical pathology involved in the functional disability caused by rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Osteoclasts, which are specialized bone-resorbing cells regulated by cytokines such as RANKL, are implicated in bone destruction in RA. The aim of this study was to determine whether interleukin-21 (IL-21), a potent immunomodulatory(More)
Extracellular metallothionein (Zn,Cd-MT) has previously been shown to be a potent inducer of lymphocyte proliferation and to synergize with polyclonal activators in proliferation assays. In this report, the effects of metallothionein on the development of humoral responsiveness are examined. In vivo, the specific anti-ovalbumin (OVA) IgG response was(More)
To elucidate the role of Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) activation along with the intracellular signaling pathways triggered by CpG DNA in CD34+ cells, we investigated whether synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs), containing unmethylated CpG motifs, could induce IL-8 expression in CD34+ cells through mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) or nuclear(More)
Metallothionein, a cysteine-rich stress response protein that is naturally induced by a variety of immunologic stressors, has been shown to suppress autoimmune disorders through mechanisms not yet fully defined. In the present study, we examined the underlying mechanisms by which metallothionein might mediate such regulation of autoimmunity. Naïve CD4+ T(More)
Exposure to environmental toxicants can alter a variety of cellular functions that are critical to immune function. Cellular responses to these changes include increased synthesis of a number of stress proteins, some of which have been shown to have immunomodulatory capacity. One of these stress proteins, metallothionein (MT) is a low molecular weight,(More)
Although the etiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has not been clearly understood to date, the hyperplasia of the synovial membrane imposed by pro-inflammatory cytokines has been suggested to play a crucial role in the progression of this disease. TNF-alpha, a potent pro-inflammatory cytokine, was detected at highly enhanced concentrations in the blood and(More)
Metallothionein is a low molecular weight, cysteine-rich, stress response protein that can act as an antioxidant and as an immunosuppressive agent in instances of antigen-dependent adaptive immunity. In this context, we assessed the therapeutic potential and mechanisms of action of metallothionein in a collagen-induced arthritis model. Repeated(More)
We have generated transgenic mice expressing human granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (hGM-CSF) in urine. In particular, the expression plasmid DNA containing mouse uroplakin II promoter was used to direct uroepithelium-specific transcription of transgene. In this study, hGM-CSF transcript was detected only in bladder uroepithelium as(More)
Regulatory T (Tr) cells have been shown to arise in the periphery during induction of peripheral tolerance. However, the mechanism involved remains elusive. In the present study, we investigated the potential role of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in the peripheral induction of regulatory phenotypes in the conventional CD4(+)CD25(-) T cells. Upon(More)