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Residual oil fly ash (ROFA) is a chemically complex mixture of compounds, including metals that are potentially carcinogenic because of their ability to cause oxidative injury. In this study, we investigated the association between exposure to particulate matter with an aerodynamic mass median diameter <or= 2.5 micro m (PM2.5) and oxidative DNA damage and(More)
PURPOSE Women with epilepsy (WWE) tend to have hormonal and metabolic abnormalities, raising concerns about an increased risk of cardiovascular disorders. This study was performed to determine whether epilepsy itself and/or antiepileptic drug (AED) medication cause metabolic abnormalities. METHODS WWE in premenopausal state aged 18 to 45 years old,(More)
BACKGROUND A critical question regarding the association between short-term exposure to ozone and mortality is the extent to which this relationship is confounded by ambient exposure to particles. OBJECTIVES We investigated whether particulate matter < 10 and < 2.5 microm in aerodynamic diameter (PM(10) and PM(2.5)) is a confounder of the ozone and(More)
Particulate air pollution, specifically the fine particle fraction (PM2.5), has been associated with increased cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality in general population studies. Occupational exposure to fine particulate matter can exceed ambient levels by a large factor. Due to increased interest in the health effects of particulate matter, many(More)
Toxicologic studies have shown that soluble transition metals in residual oil fly ash (ROFA) can induce pulmonary injury. In this study, we investigated the association between the fractional concentration of expired nitric oxide (FENO) and exposure to metal constituents of particulate matter with an aerodynamic mass median diameter < or =2.5 microm (PM2.5)(More)
Accumulating evidence demonstrates that particulate air pollutants can cause both pulmonary and airway inflammation. However, few data show that particulates can induce systemic inflammatory responses. We conducted an exploratory study using microarray techniques to analyze whole-blood total RNA in boilermakers before and after occupational exposure to(More)
Epidemiologic studies demonstrate increased cancer incidence among workers exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and metals, probably through cumulative oxidative DNA damage in response to carcinogens. Boilermakers are exposed to particulates of residual oil fly ash (ROFA) and metal fume that contain carcinogenic PAH and metals. We conducted a(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to examine whether the patterns of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) abnormalities and quantitative regional apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values can predict the clinical outcome of comatose patients following cardiac arrest. METHODS Thirty-nine patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest were(More)
PURPOSE To determine the prevalence, distribution, and location of intervertebral disk calcification (IDC) in the thoracic and lumbar spine and the association of IDC with radiographically evident spinal degenerative changes in cadavers. MATERIALS AND METHODS Anterior vertebral columns comprising T1 through L5 were removed from 223 cadavers (183 men, 40(More)
BACKGROUND Despite a few experimental studies showing a dose-dependent myocardial depressive effect of propofol anesthesia induction, few clinical data are available to determine its precise impact on myocardial function, probably because of its brevity and a lack of appropriate evaluation tools. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of(More)