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BACKGROUND Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) stimulates renal fibrosis in various renal diseases including IgA nephropathy. METHODS We examined whether immunoglobulin A (IgA) stimulated(More)
INTRODUCTION Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) has been known to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of Peyronie's disease (PD). AIM The aim of this paper was to investigate the(More)