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BACKGROUND The rapid and widespread introduction of minimal access surgery has major implications for the National Health Service. It cannot be assumed that replacing an open procedure with a minimal access alternative will be cost-effective. Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair is a procedure for which the potential economic benefits are particularly(More)
Evolutionary algorithms frequently get stuck on local optima--and fail to find the global optimum--when local gradients do not point the search process toward the direction of the global optimum. A recent breakthrough called Novelty Search ameliorates this problem by enabling the search process to explore in every direction by encouraging the production of(More)
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